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what is cbd oil made from

How CBD Oil Is Made

UPDATE : See CBD Oil: A Primer for a more thorough exploration of cannabis oil extraction.

Safe and effective ways to extract and produce CBD -rich cannabis oil.

To extract CBD -rich cannabis oil, one must start with CBD -rich plant material. There are many ways to extract oil from the cannabis plant, each has its pros and cons. Some methods are safer and more effective than others. Cannabis oil made with neurotoxic solvents like butane and hexane may leave unsafe residues that compromise immune function and impede healing.

  • CO 2 extraction. The supercritical (or subcritical) CO 2 method uses carbon dioxide under high pressure and extremely low temperatures to isolate, preserve, and maintain the purity of the medicinal oil. This process requires expensive equipment and a steep operational learning curve. But, when done well the end product is safe, potent, and free of chlorophyll.
  • Ethanol. High-grade grain alcohol can be used to create high-quality cannabis oil appropriate for vape pen cartridges and other products. But this extraction method destroys the plant waxes, which may have health benefits that are favored by some product-makers.
  • Olive oil. Extra virgin or otherwise, olive oil can also be used to extract cannabis oil. Dr. Arno Hazekamp, director of phytochemical research at Bedrocan BV , which supplies medical cannabis for the Dutch Health Ministry, reports this method is both safe and inexpensive, “You won’t blow yourself up making cannabis-infused olive oil.” However, cannabis-infused olive oil—whether CBD -rich or THC -dominant—is perishable and should be stored in a cool, dark place.

Medical patients swear by it. Researchers are intrigued by it. Government regulators are flustered by it. And investors are head over heels for it. But what exactly is CBD oil?

vape pen safety

Vaporizer pens are a trendy and discrete manner to vaporize cannabis medicine. However, commonly used thinning agent in many products on the market are harmful when heated and inhaled.

Look for products with clear labels showing the quantity and ratio of CBD and THC per dose, a manufacturing date, and a batch number (for quality control). Select products with quality ingredients that are lab tested and safely extracted.

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Cannabis oil. CBD-rich cannabis oil can safely be extracted using the methods listed here.

How CBD Oil Is Made: A Step-By-Step Overview

by Taylor Hogan

CBD popularity has exploded. According to SingleCare, 33% of American adults have tried CBD. With over a third of Americans giving the supplement a try, many may wonder where the popular supplement comes from.

First, before diving into how CBD is made, let’s clear up the confusion between hemp and marijuana. Both hemp and marijuana are forms of cannabis, but in order for a plant to be classified as “hemp” it needs to be grown under a hemp program and is required to contain less than 0.3% THC. Contrarily, “marijuana” plants contain more than .3% THC and are grown in recreationally or medically legalized states.

Because hemp contains less than .3% THC, it is non-psychoactive. Other than CBD, hemp has traditionally been used for centuries as a material for rope, fibers and textiles. We lay it all out in our History of Hemp article.

Populum’s CBD oil is made from refined hemp extract that has been combined with a carrier oil. Read through this to learn the step-by-step process on how CBD is made.

Step 1: Planting The Hemp Plant

Before the hemp seeds are sowed into the ground, the soil is prepared and tested for herbicides. Hemp is a pretty wonderful plant because each crop can be planted very closely together – as close as four inches! This allows for a greater yield with less land use. Hemp is an excellent resource for regenerative agriculture because it can be used in crop rotation to help put nutrients back into the soil. Hemp produces high quantities of biomass (a matter which returns to the soil and decomposes, feeding nutrients back into the ground).

According to Farm Journal, plant hemp typically falls between the third week of May and into the first week of June. Once planted, the hemp grows rapidly, sprouting up in 60 days. Cannabis Reports listed the states with the most hemp produced to be Montana, Colorado, Kentucky, North Carolina, Oregon and Minnesota.

Hemp is not a plant that is limited to just one region of the United States!

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Step 2: Harvesting The Hemp Plant

It all starts with the flowers of the hemp plant. The cannabinoids are most commonly concentrated in the resin glands of the trichome of the plant.

The plants are usually harvested around October, depending on the climate of the state. Before they can officially harvest, a sample of each crop is tested and cleared by the state’s department of agriculture. This is to assure that the farm is following federal regulations, keeping their hemp at

Step 3: Extracting the CBD from the Dried Hemp Flower

Extraction is the process of removing the CBD extract from the hemp plant to turn it into a usable form for ingestion or topical application. Each extraction method results in a slightly different end result, but depending on how it’s extracted, the raw extract will have a thick oily texture with a very dark, almost black, hue.

There are different extraction methods and each has its own pros and cons. Here’s a short list of the top extraction methods available:

  1. Ethanol Extraction:
    1. This method involves soaking the plant in high-grain alcohol in order to extract the CBD oil. Ethanol extraction is now one of the most common methods of today’s high-quality natural extractions and is gaining traction as one of the most effective on the market.
  2. CO2 Extraction:
    1. CO2 extraction uses carbon dioxide to isolate cannabinoids under extremely low temperatures. Super-cooled and condensed carbon dioxide cools and then extracts CBD oil without leaving any chemicals or residue behind. This process requires robust equipment, but yields a safe and potent end product.
  3. Oil Extraction:
    1. Another method is the oil method, which is popular with at home and do-it-yourself folks. In this method, the hemp plant is heated and cooked in a carrier oil such as olive oil which extracts the desired cannabinoids.

Populum uses a two-step extraction methodology that combines Food-Grade Ethanol Extraction and a Fractionalized Distillation. This method cleans the oil of all waxes, lipids, and chlorophyll, to create a true full-spectrum oil that includes both high levels of cannabinoids and terpenes.

Step 4: Creating CBD Oil & Topicals

Once CBD is in its purest form and extracted from the plant, it is combined with other ingredients such as flavoring and carrier oil. For example, Populum uses a special blend of grapeseed, hemp seed and orange oil. Oils such as hempseed or coconut (MCT) oil make for excellent carriers for full-spectrum CBD. This is due to its natural abundance in saturated fats. Natural saturated fat molecules are easily absorbed by the body and directly through the liver. This allows for the body to get the most CBD absorbed into the bloodstream as possible. Populum also uses cold-pressed orange oil in their CBD oil for a light orange taste, which helps negate the “hempy” or “earthy” taste many hemp oils have.

Step 5: Lab Testing & Packaging

Populum undergoes third-party testing with each of its batches of CBD. A sample from each batch is sent to a lab, where it is tested for purity and potency. Third-party testing is the differentiator between good quality CBD products and products that could be anything labeled as CBD. This extra process in production makes all the difference when it comes to making a quality product.

The entire process of producing a quality CBD oil takes several steps, but having a direct and clear supply chain helps yield quality end products. Brands who are transparent about their methods of production and consistently third-party test their products are often the brands providing the best oils on the market. The CBD industry has a long history, but within the past few years the technology advancements have made way for a better end product. Better production methods and continued innovation means CBD oil can make its way to more and more people and bring healing into the lives of many.

Have you ever wondered how exactly CBD Oil is derived from the hemp plant? This article will walk you through step-by-step just how CBD comes from hemp.