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I tried CBD oil to help with my anxiety — and I’m still not sure that it worked

Generalized anxiety disorder affects more than 6.8 million people in the US, and one in six Americans are on prescribed psychiatric drugs to treat the condition or another mental health issue.

While I’ve never been officially diagnosed with anxiety, working in a high-stress job and being an anxiety-prone person means I have flare-ups that can leave me feeling tense, irritable, and generally unwell .

Thankfully, I don’t experience these episodes enough to warrant pharmaceutical intervention, but I did want to find a natural way to manage my anxiety when it does crop up.

After hearing positive things about cannabidiol (CBD) oil’s effect on our ability to relax and de-stress for those with generalized social anxiety disorder, I decided to give it a go. Here’s my experience.

I spent a lot of time searching online for a high-quality product.

I decided to start taking CBD oil while staying in the UK, which meant that I was looking for a product made and sold in this country to purchase. It’s a legal cannabinoid in the UK , which means it’s pretty readily available online and in health shops such as Holland & Barrett .

I eventually went with a brand called LoveHemp . To start, I chose to take CBD in oil form with a 10% concentration . This is pretty middle of the road in terms of dosage, with products available in as low as 2% and as high as 40% concentrations online.

It didn’t make me spaced out, and I didn’t feel ‘high.’

A lot of people get CBD, or cannabidiol, confused with THC , the latter of which is the psychoactive element in marijuana that gets you high. They’re definitely not the same.

CBD is a separate substance which contains no THC, so you won’t get high when taking CBD as a supplement. Instead, CBD contains compounds which have shown promise for medical uses , including relief from epilepsy, arthritis , diabetes , and anxiety .

One caveat: Many of these studies have involved marijuana strains that contain both CBD and THC. That means further research on CBD alone is needed.

After my first and any subsequent dosages, it didn’t change my state of mind at all. I wasn’t groggy, wired, excitable, or “high.” I felt just like myself.

I experienced a subtle but noticeable difference in my anxiety levels.

While it wasn’t like I was 100% stress-free overnight, I did notice within a week or so of taking CBD oil — roughly six to eight drops under the tongue, held for 90 seconds and then swallowed, twice a day — that I felt less anxious and tense. Things that usually bothered me, like unanswered emails or things going wrong with work, were easier to take in stride.

It also helped that I was sleeping better at night. I hadn’t cut out caffeine or changed anything else about my lifestyle, so I can only attribute the improved ability to fall and stay asleep to the CBD oil.

However, studies have shown that CBD oil has no significant clinical effect on sleep patterns . Maybe it was a placebo effect.

I experimented with different forms of CBD until I found one that fit.

While I started with CBD in oil form, the taste of the oil itself (usually hemp oil, but it can be purchased in coconut oil form as well) wasn’t that great. While I’m not a regular smoker, I have used a vape in the past, and although I know it’s not good for me, I do find the occasional smoke relaxing.

I was curious about the idea of vaping CBD oil, so I ordered a vape starter kit. I enjoyed it, but my paranoia about the dangers vaping poses to your health put me off the idea in the long run.

I also tried CBD gummies , though the lower concentration of CBD in each dose meant that I didn’t experience the same positive effects as I did with the oil. Eventually, I went back to the original 10% oil and have stuck with that ever since.

I still use it semi-regularly, though other lifestyle changes have likely helped as much in relieving my anxiety.

I always keep CBD oil around to take when I’m feeling in need of relief from my anxiety, rare bouts of insomnia, or even occasional back pain. I haven’t experienced any negative effects from taking CBD , and I definitely look forward to reading more research on its efficacy as it becomes available. I don’t take it daily, maybe just a couple of times a week now, but I like knowing it’s available should I need a boost (whether or not it’s the placebo effect ).

However, I’m also aware that other lifestyle changes I’ve made, such as improving my diet, taking more time away from work, and upping my exercise routine, have likely had just as much of a positive impact on my anxiety levels, so I don’t want to give the CBD oil too much credit.

Is it a miracle product? No, but if it helps people with certain ailments, why not give it a try?

Studies have shown that cannabidiol (CBD) can reduce anxiety in people with generalized social anxiety disorder.

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cbd gummies for back pain

Which CBD Gummies Are the Best for Pain Management?

CBD is all the rage right now — and for good reason. In fact, CBD products are so popular you can even find them in the form of gummies.

Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

CBD is touted as a wonder drug by some, being hailed as a solution for anxiety, lack of sleep, and chronic pain. While the claims about CBD are sometimes exaggerated, there is scientific evidence suggesting it can be used to manage pain — which is why many people choose to buy various CBD products. Most CBD products are sold as oils, but there are also other edible options, including quirky things like CBD gummies.

CBD gummies are a great way to introduce CBD into your daily life. This easy to ingest format makes the amazing pain-relieving power of CBD palatable for many.

What is CBD?

For those who don’t already know, let’s answer tackle the elephant in the room: What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the dozens of cannabinoid compounds found in the cannabis plant. CBD oil can be made from both marijuana or hemp cannabis plant, and can be extracted in a number of ways. However, in order for CBD products to be considered legal, it must come from a hemp plant and have low (0.03%) or no THC levels.

CBD is stimulating a lot of interest among scientists in recent years, and while a lot has been discovered about this compound, research continues. Many companies are using CBD to help people achieve pain relief since the chemical is known for reducing chronic pain and anxiety.

Which CBD Gummies Are the Best for Pain?

If you are interested in taking CBD gummies for pain relief, you might be wondering: which product(s) should I choose? Which ones are right for me? At the end of the day, it really comes down to personal preference; however, these are 5 of our favorite CBD gummies for pain:

Verma Farms

Starting off the list is Verma Farms and their amazing CBD gummies. If the taste is your biggest concern, these are the gummies for you. They come in a variety of flavors, and all of them taste really good. Their gummies range from 250mg dosages to 500mg dosage per pack of gummies.

These are a great starting point if you are looking for CBD gummies that help relieve pain.

Hemp Bombs

Next up is Hemp Bombs. These gummies are a bit stronger than the Verma Farms options. Hemp Bombs offers their gummies in 450mg per 30 and 750mg per 30 packages. Their high-potency line is a great gummy for those looking for a bit more without going overboard. An all-around option if you will.

Fab CBD

Speaking of amazing all-around CBD gummies, Fab CBD is definitely worth considering. Just like the high-potency line from Hemp Bombs, Fab CBD’s gummies are dosed at 750mg per 30 packages. On top of their potency level, they are made with all-natural products like tapioca and grape juice–this makes them very tasty, yet, powerful!

Eden’s Herbals

Eden’s Herbals have amazing choices for you to control your pain with. Their CBD gummies come in a variety of levels, like 500mg, 1000mg, and even 1200mg. Their Eden’s Apple flavor is especially strong and is dosed at the 1200mg! Check them out if you are looking for high dosage medicine.

Happy Hemp

If you really need a large dosage to manage your pain, you want to check out Happy Hemp’s CBD gummies. These come in really high doses, like 1500mg and 3000mg. However, they also make entry-level gummies with 250mg and 750mg levels.

If you are looking for more about CBD gummies and how they can impact your pain symptoms, check out this informational piece on Entrepreneur. If you are looking to manage chronic pain or medical conditions of any sort, please consult with a doctor.

CBD is all the rage right now — and for good reason. In fact, CBD products are so popular you can even find them in the form of gummies.

Understanding CBD (Cannabidiol) for Back Pain

Cannabidiol, commonly referred to as CBD, is a new and relatively understudied treatment for pain, including back pain. Studies suggest it may help relieve inflammation, which is often a factor in chronic back pain. 1

CBD is available in many forms; topical creams and gels have shown promising results for inflammation and neuropathy, which may make them a good option for back and neck pain. 2

CBD requires more research in order to prove and explain its effectiveness as well as to better understand potential side effects (especially long-term) and potential drug interactions.

What Is CBD?

CBD oil is derived from a plant called cannabis sativa. The plant has over 100 chemical compounds, called cannabinoids, that have a range of effects, including anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain relieving) qualities.

The cannabis sativa plant has two main varieties that are grown for specific purposes:

  • THC content. THC is the compound associated with the “high” feeling of marijuana use.
  • Industrial (non-drug) uses. This form of the plant contains trace amounts of THC (less than .03%) and can be used to make paper, clothing, and some building material. This variation of the cannabis plant is called hemp.

While CBD is present in both varieties, many of the CBD products available to consumers are from the hemp plant. CBD does not come with the high or psychogenic effects of marijuana.

Ways CBD Treats Back Pain

Research indicates that CBD may reduce back pain by:

  • Reducing inflammation 3
  • Combating anxiety, often associated with long-lasting or chronic back pain 4
  • Helping with sleep and improving overall state of relaxation 5

Some studies suggest that CBD can have an effect on how an individual perceives pain, but more robust research is needed. CBD is generally considered a full-body treatment, which means that it does not target back pain specifically—except in the case of topical products—but contributes to an overall feeling of relaxation and pain relief.

Advocates of CBD believe it can be used to treat a range of conditions in addition to back pain, such as anxiety-related disorders. 5

Potential Risks and Side Effects of CBD

Cannabidiol, even in high amounts, is generally safe. Side effects from CBD may include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth
  • Low blood pressure

More severe side effects, while rare, include:

  • Mental confusion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

As with other natural products, there is potential for adverse reactions when taken with other medications, especially those that come with grapefruit warnings, such as certain blood thinners. These warnings indicate that certain medications should not be taken with products containing grapefruit.

CBD use prior to surgery

Before having surgery, all cannabis use, including CBD and marijuana, should be disclosed to the surgeon or anesthesiologist. A recent study suggests that cannabis use may have an effect on medications used to sedate patients. 6

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a new medical treatment that may be effective for back pain. It has relatively few side effects and does not come with the high associated with marijuana.

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remedy cbd oil

Remedy Tincture

$ 50.00 – or subscribe and get 15% off

Our best-selling concentrated tincture offers an easy addition of CBD to your daily wellness routine. With Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract with Naturally Occurring Cannabidiol, nutrient-dense sweet almond oil, myrrh and the warmth of cinnamon oil, this soothing blend helps provide overall balance. The Remedy Tincture packs 250 servings into just a half-ounce bottle, and each drop contains approximately 2mg per serving.

Remedy Tincture $ 50.00 – or subscribe and get 15% off Our best-selling concentrated tincture offers an easy addition of CBD to your daily wellness routine. With Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract

Remedy cbd oil

oh my flo wellness tea, £6.49

Meet Oh My Flo, an adaptogenic tea packed with herbs and botanicals. When period cramps hit we love to relax and enjoy this tea with a hot water bottle, film and our favourite chocolate.

self-care gift box, from £31.99

Your time of the month can leave you feeling drained, off-balance and totally not yourself. We’ve created the ultimate self-care gift box, featuring a selection of hand-picked sustainable treats and pampering products to deliver a much needed ‘hug in a box’.

Meet Our Founder

I’ve always struggled with sleep, fuelled by the anxiety of my ongoing female health issues. From finding out I’d never conceive naturally, to cancer cells being discovered on my ovaries – I’ve had my fair share of worries.

Thankfully, I found relief and balance by introducing CBD into my wellness routine.

But I couldn’t find one I liked the taste of nor one that resonated with my passion for the environment, so I decided to create my own… and Our Remedy was born

We want to reframe self-care to ensure it’s not selfish-care. Our philosophy to give back underpins everything we do, from the packaging we use, the inks we print with and the fact we donate to Bloody Good Period.

We’re proud to be the first and only CBD company to prioritise sustainability in this way.

Our Remedy is an award-winning wellness brand with a range of natural remedies for issues affecting women and people with periods, including sleep disruptions, anxiety, mood swings, hormonal imbalance, chronic pain and period cramps.

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15mg cbd

CBD Liquid Oil Capsules 15mg Hemp Extract | Charlotte’s Web™

When life gets busy, these capsules make it easy to add Charlotte’s Web™ CBD and other naturally occurring phytocannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and essential fatty acids to your wellness routine. They go where you go, delivering a precise serving every time.

main product photo

T he only ingredients are Charlotte’s Web™ full-spectrum hemp extract and organic extra virgin olive oil. A secure band prevents leaks and the capsule is made to reduce oxidation and naturally maintain the integrity of its high-quality ingredients.

Our premium hemp extract is designed to help:

Support a sense of calm for focus*

Manage everyday stresses*

Recovery from exercise-induced inflammation*

Maintain healthy sleep cycles*

More than just CBD: Charlotte’s Web extracts contain CBD plus other naturally occurring phytocannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, essential fatty acids, and more in every serving.

Designed to support those with demanding lifestyles, our liquid capsules offer easy, consistent servings of Charlotte’s Web™ that run as hard as you do.

  • Gluten Free, Kosher, 100% Vegan, Allergen Free
  • 100% CO2-extracted
  • USA Grown Hemp
  • Approx. 15mg CBD per 1mL serving
  • Consistency is key. Take CBD capsules regularly; at the same time every day.
  • Store CBD capsules at room temperature away from light.

Common Questions

What is new about Charlotte’s Web liquid-filled capsules?

A lot! First, as the name implies, our new capsules are filled with liquid, Charlotte’s Web hemp extract and organic extra virgin olive oil, to be exact. There are two new concentrations: 15mg and 25mg. Plus, we’ve added a new 90-count bottle, in addition to our 30 and 60 count bottles.

What is the difference between your new liquid-filled capsules and the old powder-filled capsules?

Our new liquid-filled capsules are plant-based, vegan, and contain a higher concentration of CBD. They also come at a lower price per milligram of CBD.

What is the difference between liquid-filled capsules and softgels?

There are a few. For one, our liquid-filled capsules are made with cleaner ingredients, whereas softgels can contain gelatin, glycerin, carrageenan, and other sorbitol additions. They also have thinner capsule walls than most softgels, which are designed to help them disintegrate faster. They are more stable in high-temperature and low-humidity environments as well.

Find answers to more of our questions on our FAQs page.

Charlotte’s Web 15mg CBD oil liquid capsules contain our full-spectrum hemp extract genetics with organic extra virgin olive oil.

How Much CBD Should I take?

How Much CBD Should I take?

Not sure how much CBD to take or which concentration to pick? Don’t worry, it’s perfectly normal to be confused by all the different options, and that’s precisely why we’ve put together this step-by-step guide. Keep reading to find out what you need to know about dosing CBD.

Contents:

Dosing CBD: Where to start?

Although it’s true that how much CBD you should take depends on numerous factors (which we’ll explain shortly), there are two fundamental principles you need to consider first.

A brand you can trust

The first vital consideration is picking a CBD brand you can trust. It’s paramount you know exactly what it is you’re taking, and that the concentration advertised matches what’s in the bottle. Making CBD products is not a simple process, and you need to be confident your CBD oils, capsules, and supplements are free from unwanted additives and chemicals.

Thankfully, at Cibdol, all of our products are subject to rigorous testing, with the results published online and available to the public. Before trying CBD for yourself, you can view a detailed breakdown of the contents in each batch of CBD oil, including the exact concentration of CBD itself.

Start low and go slow

Whether you’re entirely new to CBD or looking to try different products, the second crucial consideration is “start low and go slow”.

The potential of CBD lies in its ability to work in harmony with the body, supporting that all-important state of balance. In this case, balance does not mean flooding the body with CBD, regardless of the compound’s benefits. Instead, the approach is similar to other supplements or vitamins, with a “less is more” attitude.

To truly benefit from CBD, you need to listen to your body and adjust the concentration and/or frequency accordingly.

What factors affect CBD dosage?

With our key watch-outs covered, it’s time to move on to the factors that affect how much CBD you’ll need to take. Remember, though, these factors are important, but they aren’t definitive, so think of them as guidelines rather than rules.

Although research is still in the preliminary stages, early indications suggest there is a potential difference in how CBD and other cannabinoids affect the sexes. It’s believed that hormonal and behavioural differences between men and women could contribute to the overall impact of CBD.

The general summary is that cannabinoids may show a more profound physiological impact in men (food intake and energy balance), and a more profound behavioural impact in women (tension and mood disturbances). These findings are, of course, preliminary, so it’s essential to find what works for you, and not write CBD off if you don’t fall into the categories outlined above.

Height and weight

The simplest way to explain the impact of height and weight on CBD dosing is this—the more you weigh, the more you’ll need to consume to feel the compound’s effect.

CBD works by interacting with a network of receptors (the endocannabinoid system) that extends from head to toe. However, to interact, the compound has to travel around your body first. The rate and efficacy with which CBD is absorbed and ultimately metabolised by the body is thought to differ in heavier individuals versus lighter individuals.

You’ll need to consider the other factors on our list in tandem with this guideline, but, generally speaking, you’ll want to take a higher concentration or dose the greater your height and overall body weight.

For our body to make use of CBD, or any cannabinoid for that matter, we need to break it down into usable parts. Our metabolism plays a crucial role in this process, helping split CBD into smaller pieces that have an easier time travelling around the body.

Although there are many reasons our metabolism slows down, age is a significant factor. When it comes to CBD, you may have to wait longer for the effects to show the older you are, so make sure to give your body the extra time it needs. On the opposite end of the scale, the younger you are, the faster your metabolism, so you may need to consume CBD more often to benefit.

Experience with CBD

The final crucial factor to be aware of when deciding how much CBD to take is your previous experience. If you’ve never tried CBD before, we recommend starting with a low concentration formula, taken once or twice a day.

While the potential side effects of CBD are incredibly mild, everyone reacts to the cannabinoid slightly differently, so it’s important to gauge how you feel before diving headfirst into a bottle of 3000mg or 4000mg CBD oil, for example.

The same rules apply even if you’ve been taking CBD for a while. Always start slow, and build up to your desired dose. Even something as simple as switching from capsules to an isolate powder can dramatically change the impact CBD has on well-being—so take your time.

Choosing the right CBD product

How Much CBD Should I take?

Choosing the right CBD product is less about which one is “best” and more about which product suits your needs. CBD oil and CBD capsules both contain the same full-spectrum extract, but, with a few small changes, the effects of one can last significantly longer than the other.

CBD oil

CBD oils come in a variety of concentrations and carrier oils. For many people, the most noticeable difference in carrier oils is the taste. Olive oil is the closest to an authentic CBD taste, while hemp seed oil is much nuttier, and black cumin seed is somewhere between the two. Picking the flavour you like best will make your wellness journey far more enjoyable.

As for the effect of CBD oil, that depends on how you’re consuming it. CBD oil ingested orally has to contend with the digestive system before it can start circulating your body. It’ll take 30–60 minutes before you feel the effects, but they’ll last much longer as a result.

However, if you drop CBD oil under the tongue, effects are not only more pronounced, but have a quicker onset too. The trade-off is that they don’t last as long, so you’ll need to think about why you’re taking CBD oil, and whether you can keep dosing throughout the day.

CBD Oil 10% (1000mg)

CBD Oil 10% (1000mg)

CBD softgel capsules

Softgel capsules are what we mean when we say “the simple approach”—they’re straightforward, easy to consume on the go, and each contain a uniform dose of CBD. Many people add CBD capsules to their supplement routine for ultimate convenience.

Despite the straightforward nature of CBD capsules, it takes a short while for them to take effect. Just like CBD oil taken orally, capsules have to pass through the digestive system before they start working. Fortunately, the effects of CBD capsules last several hours, so it’s easier to fit them in around work or social activities.

CBD Softgels 10% (1000mg)

CBD Softgels 10% (1000mg)

CBD powder

CBD powder (also called CBD isolate or CBD crystals) is a highly concentrated version of CBD that’s best suited to experienced users. You can add CBD crystals to food or sprinkle them directly under your tongue, but most experienced users prefer infusing them into homemade oils. They’re not the most convenient option for everyday use, but if you’re trying to avoid THC completely, the highly concentrated CBD formula is ideal.

CBD Isolate

CBD Isolate

Which CBD strength is best for you?

When we talk about the strength or concentration of CBD, we’re referring to how many milligrams of CBD a given product contains. If we take our 500mg CBD oil (10ml) as an example, it contains 2.5mg per drop, while our 1000mg oil contains 5mg. As the milligrams of CBD increases, so too does the potency.

If you assume an average daily dose of 3–4 drops, three times a day, that equates to approximately 30mg of CBD (based on our 500mg CBD oil). To give you some idea of the limitations, 160mg is seen as a recommended maximum daily amount.

This high tolerance for CBD is why we recommend starting with our 500mg CBD oil, as it represents a middle-ground between the stronger and more mild concentrations. Even at four drops, three times a day, you are still only consuming 30mg of CBD. Don’t underestimate this compound though—in some cases, this may be enough.

It’s important to stress that everyone’s circumstances, and therefore their dosage, will vary. Give yourself several days on a regular dosage to see how you feel before increasing or decreasing accordingly.

To help you calculate the amount (mg) of CBD you’ll be taking, you can use the following as a guide:

Drops

• 500mg CBD oil: 2.5mg CBD per drop
• 1000mg CBD oil: 5mg CBD per drop

• 1500mg CBD oil: 7.5mg CBD per drop
• 2000mg CBD oil: 10mg CBD per drop

• 3000mg CBD oil: 15mg CBD per drop
• 4000mg CBD oil: 20mg CBD per drop

Capsules

• 500mg CBD softgel capsules: 8.3mg CBD per capsule
• 1000mg CBD softgel capsules: 16.6mg CBD per capsule

• 1500mg CBD softgel capsules: 25mg CBD per capsule
• 2000mg CBD softgel capsules: 33.3mg CBD per capsule

• 3000mg CBD softgel capsules: 50mg CBD per capsule
• 4000mg CBD softgel capsules: 66.6mg CBD per capsule

When and how often should you take CBD?

If you’re trying CBD for the first time, it’s a good idea to divide the recommended serving in half, and build your dose slowly over several days. Once you know how your body responds, you can increase or maintain as you wish.

Similar guidelines apply even if you’re an experienced user. Any time you want to change the concentration, consumption method, or product, build the dose slowly and keep track of how much CBD you’re taking using the guidance above.

As for how many times a day you should take CBD, well, that depends on why you’re taking it in the first place, and how easy it is for you to consume. If you’re taking CBD to benefit overall well-being, we recommended splitting your ideal daily dose across three servings. This approach provides a steady input of CBD.

However, there may be situations when you need the impact of CBD at a moment’s notice. In these cases, a few drops of CBD oil taken under the tongue as needed throughout the day could provide support.

Either way, experiment with your dosing and timing until you find a schedule that’s not only easy to stick to, but provides maximum benefit to you.

Comparing Cibdol to other CBD brands

Once you have an idea of the dosage you want to start with, the next most common query is, “How do our recommendations compare to other brands?”.

In truth, it is a nearly impossible question to answer. Not only does the ideal amount of CBD vary from person to person, but you’ll also need to factor in the extraction method a company uses, their production techniques, and the purity of the final product. All of these attributes play a part in the influence of CBD, and directly affect how much you should consume.

Although we cannot answer for other brands, we can highlight what we take into consideration when producing our CBD oil. State-of-the-art equipment and highly specialised CO₂ extraction, alongside an expert team, ensure safe and seamless production from seed to bottle. The result is a range of products containing unadulterated CBD, independently verified by accredited laboratories.

Finding the best daily CBD dose

We’ve covered a lot of ground, and although dosage may seem like a daunting subject, the main takeaway is—listen to your body.

If we had to offer a bonus takeaway, it would be—try our CBD calculator.

Our CBD dosage calculator gives you a recommended daily amount by using details such as height, weight, gender, and your previous experience with CBD. Not only that, but it’ll even recommend a product that matches the details you enter.

You’ll still need to continue fine-tuning your wellness experience on your own, but our guidelines can offer a good starting point whether you’re a beginner, intermediate, or experienced CBD user.

If you’d prefer to first browse all of the CBD oils, capsules, supplements, and creams we have to offer, visit the Cibdol store. Or, if you’re still trying to fine-tune your wellness journey, our CBD Encyclopedia has all the answers to popular queries.

Follow the link to find out how much CBD you should be taking, how Cibdol compares to other CBD brands, and which CBD product is right for you.

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is cbd oil a schedule 1 drug

List of Schedule 1 Drugs

Medically reviewed by Leigh Ann Anderson, PharmD. Last updated on June 26, 2020.

Schedule I drugs are those that have the following characteristic according to the United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA):

  • The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
  • The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical treatment use in the U.S.
  • It has a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.

According to federal law, no prescriptions may be written for Schedule I substances, and they are not readily available for clinical use.

A substance does not need to be listed as a controlled substance by the DEA to be treated as a Schedule I substance for criminal prosecution. A controlled substance analogue (for example, a “designer drug”) is a substance which is structurally or pharmacologically similar to a Schedule I or Schedule II substance, specifically used for human consumption, and is not an approved medication in the United States.

NOTE: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, marijuana) is still considered a Schedule 1 drug by the DEA, even though some U.S. states have legalized marijuana for personal, recreational use or for medical use.

Drugs or Substances listed in DEA Schedule I may include:

  • Heroin (diacetylmorphine)
  • LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • Marijuana (cannabis, THC)
  • Mescaline (Peyote)
  • MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or “ecstasy”)
  • GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyric acid) – except formulations in an FDA-approved drug product sodium oxybate (Xyrem) are Schedule III
  • Ecstasy (MDMA or 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine)
  • Psilocybin (“magic mushrooms”)
  • Synthetic marijuana and analogs (Spice, K2)
  • Methaqualone (Quaalude)
  • Khat (Cathinone, Cathine)
  • Bath Salts (3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone or MDPV)

The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) schedule information displayed above applies to drugs or substances regulated under federal law. There may be variations in CSA schedules between individual states and federal law. For example, some drugs or compounds may be deemed a schedule I drug or may be listed in a different schedule in a state’s specific controlled substance act, which may differ from the federal controlled substance act.

See Also

Sources

  • U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. Drug Scheduling. Accessed April 26, 2020 at https://www.dea.gov/drug-scheduling
  • U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. List of Controlled Substances. Accessed April 26, 2020 at https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/schedules/index.html#define
  • U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. Controlled Substance. Alphabetical Order. Accessed April 26, 2020 at https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/schedules/orangebook/c_cs_alpha.pdf

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Common schedule 1 drugs. According to U.S. federal law, no prescriptions may be written for Schedule I substances, and they are not readily available for clinical use.

Is CBD a Schedule 1 Drug?

Written by Jason Brett — Edited by on November 18, 2020

The short answer: Yes…and no.

If you’ve been following the national conversation about cannabis, you may have felt confused at one point or another. The legalities that surround cannabis and cannabis-derived products like CBD oil are complex, and there’s a lot of conflicting information out there.

In September 2018, the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) released an official statement , outlining their removal of “FDA-approved drugs that contain CBD derived from cannabis and no more than 0.1 percent tetrahydrocannabinols [THC]” from the list of Schedule 1 drugs. However, cannabis remains a Schedule 1 drug.

Don’t worry. Below you’ll find information on how marijuana and CBD fit into the DEA’s drug schedule and more importantly, learn whether purchasing CBD oil is the right—and legal—choice for your situation.

Schedule 1 vs. Schedule 5 Drugs

The DEA divides drugs, substances, and certain chemicals into one of five categories, or “schedules” . The DEA considers Schedule 1 (I) drugs to be the most dangerous and addictive and Schedule 5 (V) drugs to be the least, with Schedule 2 (II), 3 (III), and 4 (IV) drugs falling somewhere in between.

The DEA defines Schedule 5 drugs as medications containing low quantities of narcotics (i.e. opioids) and having a relatively low potential for abuse. Some examples of Schedule 5 drugs include Robitussin AC, Lyrica, anti-diarrheal medications, and now Epidiolex, which contains CBD and is commonly used to treat epilepsy in children with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.

CBD products can fall into either the Schedule 1 category or the Schedule 5 category depending on the ingredients, FDA approval, and perhaps most importantly, where they’re being purchased.

The First Schedule 5 CBD Product

Historically, any product containing an extract from the cannabis plant, like CBD oil, was classified as a Schedule 1 drug. Now though, there’s an exception.

The DEA announced in September 2018 that cannabis-derived CBD products could have Schedule 5 status, as long as they have:

  • THC levels of 0.1% or lower.
  • Been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Despite cannabis having been a Schedule 1 drug since 1970, the FDA approved Epidiolex, a CBD-based medication for epilepsy in June 2018. If the DEA had not made the above CBD reclassification in September, Epidiolex would not have been available under prescription. (It is for this same reason that physicians who practice in certain states are only able to recommend CBD to their patients, not prescribe it.)

Unfortunately, the FDA is very selective in which products it approves, and at the time of this writing, Epidiolex remains the only CBD product that falls into the Schedule 5 category.

Because cannabis and its derivatives are in the Schedule 1 category, non-Epidiolex CBD products are also considered to be Schedule 1 substances on the federal level (your state has the final say as to whether cannabis and CBD specifically are safe and legal for consumption—more on that below).

But cannabidiol is just one component of the whole cannabis plant, and it’s important to understand the distinction between the two.

CBD and Cannabis: What’s the Difference?

The Cannabis sativa plant can be broadly split into two varieties: hemp and marijuana. Both plants contain over 100 cannabinoids, including cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) . While marijuana has a high THC content, hemp is richer in CBD. It’s THC that produces the intoxicating, high-producing effects felt by people who smoke marijuana. CBD, on the other hand, is not intoxicating and will not get you high.

CBD is extracted from the hemp plant, meaning it naturally contains low levels of THC. Furthermore, CBD product makers typically try to isolate the CBD as much as possible knowing they have customers who’d like the benefits of CBD without the high of THC.

Though, the very fact that CBD is derived from the cannabis plant places it into something of a legal quagmire, despite the fact that cannabidiol does not negatively impact your mental or physical capacities. For now, on the federal level, CBD oil and other cannabidiol products remain Schedule 1 substances (except for Epiliodex).

Federal Law vs. State Law

So, if most CBD products are classified as Schedule 1 drugs, why are they available for sale online , in wellness stores, coffee shops, and even certain Walgreens and CVS locations ?

With the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill and an ever-growing amount of research being published about the potential health benefits and medical uses of CBD , many states have taken legalization into their own hands. Now, a majority of states have either decriminalized or legalized the use of cannabis products, including CBD oil.

State-Specific Laws on CBD

Depending on the state in which you live or in which you want to purchase CBD, the DEA’s drug scheduling system may be of the utmost importance, or it may not matter at all. In terms of CBD availability, states can be split into three groups: red states, amber states and green states.

Red states are in line with federal law, meaning any cannabis products, including CBD oil, are illegal. Currently, the red states are:

  • Idaho.
  • Nebraska.
  • South Dakota.

If you live in one of these three states, you won’t legally be able to purchase or consume CBD products. As more research is conducted and the stigma around CBD use continues to disappear, you could see a change in the (hopefully) near future.

Amber states allow some CBD products to be sold under certain conditions, specifically, for medical use. In order to legally purchase CBD oil in amber states, you may need to possess a medical marijuana card or have a prescription from your doctor. Currently, the amber states where it’s legal to purchase and use any cannabis product—including those with THC—for medicinal purposes are:

  • Arizona.
  • Arkansas.
  • Connecticut.
  • Delaware.
  • Florida.
  • Hawaii.
  • Illinois.
  • Louisiana.
  • Maryland.
  • Minnesota.
  • Missouri.
  • Montana.
  • New Hampshire.
  • New Jersey.
  • New Mexico.
  • New York.
  • North Dakota.
  • Ohio.
  • Oklahoma.
  • Pennsylvania.
  • Rhode Island.
  • Utah.
  • West Virginia.

Amber states where it’s legal to purchase cannabis only in the form of CBD products for medicinal purposes are:

  • Alabama.
  • Georgia.
  • Indiana.
  • Iowa.
  • Kansas.
  • Kentucky.
  • Mississippi.
  • North Carolina.
  • South Carolina.
  • Tennessee.
  • Texas.
  • Virginia.
  • Wisconsin.
  • Wyoming.

So, if you live in an amber state, it’s especially important you be familiar with the laws specific to cannabis and CBD products. In some states, you can legally purchase any cannabis-derived products for medical reasons; in others, you can legally only purchase CBD products (with little to no THC) for medical reasons.

Green states are the most flexible of all and allow for the sale and consumption of cannabis and cannabis-derived products for medicinal and recreational purposes. Currently the green states include:

  • Alaska
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Nevada
  • Oregon
  • Vermont
  • Washington
  • Washington D.C.

If you live in one of these 11 states you can buy anything from ‘special,’ THC-infused brownies to CBD oil, as long as you meet the minimum age requirements. In green states, you will find CBD oil available in a large number of stores and will only need a photo ID in order to make a purchase.

Purchasing CBD in Your State

CBD is considered illegal under federal law, but your state’s laws take precedence.

If you live in a green state that allows for the sale and consumption of cannabis products for any reason, or an amber state that allows cannabis or CBD for medical reasons and you qualify, it’s perfectly legal for you to buy and use CBD products.

If you’re interested in using CBD oil or related CBD products and it is legal in your state, don’t hesitate to speak to your primary physician about it. You can also speak to a cannabis doctor for more information on using CBD to treat certain conditions.

The information contained in this page is meant to serve as an educational tool and should not be substituted for legal advice. While this article was correct at the time of publishing, it is wise to get up-to-date, state-specific legal information before making any CBD purchase.

If you found this article helpful you may also be interested in:

The DEA recently rescheduled certain CBD products from Schedule 1 to Schedule 5, but cannabis is still considered Schedule 1. Find out if you can now legally purchase CBD in your state.