Full Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum vs. Isolate CBD Oil: What’s the Difference?
You’ve likely come across a few different options when looking at various CBD products. Full spectrum CBD oil, broad spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate are three common choices consumers come across when shopping for CBD. If you’re new to CBD, you might be wondering what these terms actually mean.
Basically, they’re used to describe what kind of CBD oil is used to produce a product. Each contains CBD and has an array of potential benefits, yet each has a slightly different chemical composition. As a result, you may have an experience with one product that you might not necessarily have with another.
What is the difference between full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD, and what is CBD isolate?
Here we’ll take a deeper look at the different types of CBD—full spectrum vs. broad spectrum vs. isolate—to make it easier to determine which option might be best for you.
What’s the Difference Between Broad and Full Spectrum CBD Oil?
Cannabis is an extremely complex plant, composed of hundreds of different chemical compounds. Over 100 of these compounds have been identified as cannabinoids. The most popular, of course, are CBD and THC—but they’re only a small fraction of the cannabinoid content and chemical profile of cannabis. Other important compounds include terpenes, flavonoids, and essential fatty acids.
We mention these cannabis compounds because they determine the difference between a full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate oil.
All these compounds are believed to work harmoniously together to provide what’s known as the “entourage effect.”
What exactly is the entourage effect, and what does it have to do with full spectrum vs. broad spectrum CBD oil?
Let’s take a look.
The Entourage Effect Explained
We’ve mentioned the complexity of cannabis and the harmonious way its contained compounds work together to create the entourage effect.
The entourage effect is commonly defined as “the combined effect of different compounds found in cannabis that work together as a whole to produce a greater effect than if working separately to produce separate effects.”
The three major cannabis compounds that lend to the entourage effect are cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. The idea of the entourage effect is that whole plant extracts often have greater benefits than their isolated counterparts. This is exactly why CBD isolate is considered the “least” beneficial CBD option.
As their names imply, full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD oil both contain a wide range of cannabinoids and other cannabis compounds that could potentially lend to the entourage effect. However, to understand the difference between them and the benefits they might contain, it’s best to understand them individually.
What Is Full Spectrum CBD Oil?
Before CBD oil becomes CBD oil, it must first be extracted from the cannabis plant. Hands down, one of the most popular extraction methods that has quickly become an industry leader is CO2 extraction. It’s safe, sustainable, and results in the cleanest and purest CBD products.
Full spectrum CBD oil is the result of CO2 extraction. The words “full spectrum” refer to the full spectrum of cannabinoids and other compounds found in cannabis associated with the entourage effect.
Full spectrum CBD oil has had zero cannabinoids removed, including intoxicating compounds like THC. The reason for this goes back to the entourage effect. All of the cannabinoids work in unison for the betterment of the whole—THC included.
If you see “full spectrum” on the label, be sure to check out the company’s lab reports. Although the industry has not regulated the terms, a full spectrum CBD oil will most likely have THC in the formula.
That being said, most full spectrum CBD products generally contain less than 0.3% THC, which typically isn’t enough to elicit any psychoactive effects.
There are, however, individuals that can’t tolerate THC or have any THC in their system but might still want to benefit from the entourage effect.
Here’s where broad spectrum CBD might be beneficial. Broad spectrum CBD is very similar to full spectrum CBD except that THC has been removed. This means they still get all the benefits of the entourage effect, minus the THC.
What Is Broad Spectrum CBD Oil?
After initial extraction, some CBD companies opt to remove THC from their products. They will, however, keep the other cannabinoids in the formula. Companies that remove THC from the final product tend to market their products as broad spectrum CBD oil.
The refining process is critical for crafting broad spectrum oil. During this step of the process, unwanted cannabinoids are removed from the formula. Companies are given an option of which cannabinoids are eliminated.
Understanding that many consumers aren’t keen on THC but still want to benefit from the entourage effect, most remove only THC to create broad spectrum CBD oil. Broad spectrum CBD still offers the synergy of the other cannabinoids. The only one missing from the party is THC.
Because the THC has been removed from broad spectrum CBD oil, it’s commonly assumed that it doesn’t lend to the entourage effect.
Here’s the thing, though: Broad spectrum CBD still contains all the other cannabis compounds, including other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, meaning it still allows consumers to experience the entourage effect.
Consider this: The only compound that has been removed from a broad spectrum CBD product is THC. All the other beneficial compounds that lend to the entourage effect are still in there—cannabinoids like CBG, CBN, and CBC; terpenes like myrcene, linalool, pinene and limonene; various flavonoids known to support homeostasis and overall wellness—working harmoniously together to create the widely accepted concept of the entourage effect.
Broad spectrum CBD gives consumers all the benefits of the entourage effect without having to consume THC. It’s an excellent choice for those people that can’t or don’t want THC in their system, whether for legal, professional, or personal reasons.
The entourage effect is real. Those that are interested in its benefits but aren’t interested in THC will find that broad spectrum CBD products offer exactly what they’re looking for, including the peace of mind that they’re consuming a 0.0% THC product.
What Is CBD Isolate?
CBD isolate is what it sounds like: Isolated CBD.
To create CBD isolate, the refinement process is taken a step further to remove all other cannabis compounds. This includes other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and all other plant compounds. The result is a product that is 99%+ CBD. By definition, CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD there is.
Typically, those who choose CBD isolate are sensitive to other cannabinoids. CBD by itself does have its benefits. However, the results may not be as promising as a broad spectrum or full spectrum CBD oil.
When you are purchasing a CBD isolate, make sure it is 99+% pure. Otherwise, there will be traces of other cannabinoids in the formula. Although these numbers are most likely negligible, it does defeat the purpose of seeking out a pure CBD product.
Choosing CBD: Full Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum vs. CBD Isolate
Wondering what type of CBD might be best for you?
Now that you’ve got an understanding of the difference between full spectrum vs. broad spectrum vs. CBD isolate, it can be easier to determine which form of CBD will fit your personal needs.
When it comes to taking CBD, everyone has different needs. These needs will reflect which type of CBD might be best suited for someone personally, despite the daily serving.
Keep in mind that activation time (how long it will take to feel the effects) and bioavailability (how much CBD is absorbed by the bloodstream) of full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate both depend on the type of product being used, not the type of CBD oil one is consuming.
Let’s quickly recap each to see how each might fit the needs of different individuals.
Why Choose Full Spectrum CBD?
This is CBD that contains all cannabinoids and chemical compounds naturally present in cannabis. Full spectrum CBD is believed to best lend to the entourage effect and has gone through the least amount of processing and refinement.
Full spectrum CBD does contain trace amounts of THC. While typically less than 0.3%, THC found in full spectrum CBD oil might still show up on a drug test. Those with acute sensitivities to THC might also find that a full spectrum oil comes with some undesirable effects.
Why Choose Broad Spectrum CBD?
Broad spectrum CBD is CBD oil that has gone through further refinement after extraction to remove THC. Although THC has been removed, broad spectrum CBD oil still lends to the entourage effect. The only thing usually missing from the vast array of cannabinoids and other cannabis compounds is THC.
Because broad spectrum CBD is 0.0% THC, it’s excellent for those with sensitivities to THC or who can’t have THC in their system for whatever reason. Broad spectrum CBD products are a great introduction to the world of CBD for those who might be uncertain about trying a product that contains THC. Broad spectrum CBD products are also beneficial to individuals living in states that still have strict laws concerning the use of THC.
Why Choose CBD Isolate?
CBD isolate is 99%+ pure CBD. It has gone through several refinement processes to remove all other cannabinoids and various plant compounds. This odorless, tasteless form of CBD is considered the purest form of CBD that exists and contains zero probability of any intoxicating effects.
Because all other compounds have been removed to create CBD isolate, this type of CBD does not lend to the entourage effect like a full or broad spectrum product. CBD isolate is typically best for those with extreme sensitivities to THC or other cannabinoids, people living in states with strict THC laws, or CBD newbies who are tentative to use cannabis-based products.
Final Thoughts: CBD Full Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum vs. Isolate
Staying educated about CBD is key for the best experience possible. If you’re new to CBD, understanding all the different terminology and plethora of products can be really confusing!
We’re here to ease this confusion by offering consumers the information they need to choose the best CBD products to fit their personal wellness needs.
Whether you’re looking at purchasing CBD online or at a local retail location, one of the most important decisions you’ll make is the type of oil you buy. Knowing the difference between full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate is key.
While the effects of each might be similar, you’re now equipped with the knowledge of what makes them different, which is paramount in making an educated buying decision. Still have questions about the difference between full spectrum vs. broad spectrum CBD? Feel free to contact us anytime. We’re always here to help!
Joy Smith is Joy Organics Co-founder and visionary. After her own life-changing experience with CBD, Joy started Joy Organics to create a line of sustainable and premium CBD products consumers could trust. Before founding Joy Organics, Joy worked as an itinerant speaker, traveling to over four continents to empower women across the globe.
Full vs broad spectrum CBD: While both have an array of potential benefits, broad spectrum and full spectrum CBD oil have a slightly different composition.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
We believe you deserve the best quality of life. That’s why we provide the highest quality full spectrum CBD oils in America, building on 250 years of Kentucky’s unparalleled hemp tradition. Available in 375mg, 750mg, and 1,500mg varieties, our USDA certified organic CBD tinctures are carefully extracted to obtain CBD, minor cannabinoids, and up to 0.3% THC – the way nature intended.
Don’t settle for low quality “whole plant” or “aerial parts” (everything from the plant that touches the air). At Cornbread Hemp, we extract our Flower-Only™ CBD from hemp flowers, never including the seeds and stems. That means we don’t need to add flavoring to mask the taste, because there’s nothing to hide!
Cornbread Hemp’s CBD products are free of preservatives, sweeteners, GMO’s, and gluten. To ensure the highest level of safety and transparency, every item is protected by seed-to-sale tracking, a tamper-proof seal, and third party lab reports. Read reviews.
Full Spectrum Organic CBD Oil for Sale
The best full spectrum CBD products are made from a hemp derived CBD extract that contains a wide range of minor cannabinoids like CBG, CBN, CBC, and up to 0.3% THC, in addition to CBD. Some CBD tinctures are made with 99% pure CBD isolate or broad spectrum CBD, neither of which contain THC, which is why they are not considered full spectrum. Full spectrum CBD products have been shown to produce a more profound entourage effect than THC-free CBD products.
A CBD oil tincture that has been certified organic by the USDA must be grown without any synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or other non-organic materials. Additionally, an organic crop rotation is required to replenish vital nutrients back into the soil naturally, instead of with chemicals. This ensures that every hemp plant will be free of any harmful elements, and that the farmland used to harvest it will be sustainable for the years to come. Simply put, organic cannabis is both better for your body and better for our planet.
By law, full spectrum CBD products must remain below 0.3% THC, which is not enough to get someone high. However, studies show that having THC present in trace amounts in cannabis extracts may help to provide a more powerful entourage effect. That’s why we use an extraction process that preserves every bit of cannabinoid, terpene, and flavonoid content that our high CBD cannabis plants naturally produce.
The answer to how much CBD you should take depends on factors like body weight, metabolism, and why you’re taking it. To keep things simple, start at our recommended dosage of 25mg per day and slowly work your way up. Track your daily progress in a journal to keep up with how your body reacts over time.
How long CBD takes to work depends on your wellness goals and what you’d like to achieve, as well as the delivery method of your CBD, such as CBD edibles or CBD gummies vs sublingual CBD. Many people report feeling the effects of sublingual CBD in just 15-20 minutes. Those who are suffering from everyday worries may experience results quicker than someone using it for muscle and joints. Generally speaking, it takes 2-3 weeks for CBD to begin to really work. However, every human body will metabolize hemp derived CBD products differently.
Yes! The Farm Bill of 2018 federally legalized any full spectrum cannabis product that contains less than 0.3% THC. All of our products are made with fully legal and compliant hemp that has been overseen by the Kentucky Department of Agriculture. All of our products ship via USPS, a federal organization that openly supports hemp-derived CBD shipments. For questions about shipping and returns, visit our FAQ’s page.
The terms CBD oil and CBD tincture can be confusing because both products are housed under the orally consumable, suglingual liquid category. Both a CBD tincture and CBD oil can be placed under the tongue and absorbed through the mucous membranes in your mouth, directly into the blood stream. A traditional tincture is made using alcohol to suspend the hemp extract instead of a carrier oil like MCT oil, or medium chain triglyceride oil. Full spectrum cannabinoids are fat soluble, and bind well with medium and long chain oils that contain a high level of triglycerides. Because of their sublingual applications, these terms are often used interchangeably. The best way to know exactly what you’re buying when shopping for a hemp-based cannabidiol product is by reading the label carefully and looking at the third party lab tests.
Because of the potential health benefits of CBD, some companies have decided to try and make a quick buck by selling fake cannabidiol CBD products labeled as hemp oil. Generally, these products are a blend of carrier oil mixed with hemp seed oil, which does not contain any CBD content. The effects of CBD won’t be felt when taking products that are made with cannabis sativa seed oil, as CBD comes from the flower of the mature hemp plant, and not the seed.
The ECS is a group of cannabinoid receptors that bind with compounds already produced in the human body. These compounds are called endocannabinoids, and the cannabis plant just so happens to produce them as well. These are called phytocannabinoids. The ECS is in charge of regulating balance and homeostasis in many critical processes like sleep, stress, and muscle and joint function. By taking a sublingual product like our high quality plant-based cannabinoid oils, we are able to naturally supplement our endocannabinoid system.
Early research suggests that hemp products with a full spectrum of cannabinoids may provide a more powerful effect than broad spectrum CBD oil or CBD isolate. This increased interaction is now being referred to as the entourage effect, which shouldn’t be confused with getting high or any other psychoactive effects. Even though full spectrum hemp products may contain THC at no more than 0.3%, this is not enough to make someone feel high from taking a CBD tincture.
Not enough clinical trials have been performed to be able to report any potential health benefits or negative effects. At this time, more research is needed on the side effects of the highest quality cannabidiol CBD tincture.
Uncsrew the child safe dropper and push the dropper bulb to fill the applicator to your desired dose. Start slow at a smaller serving size until your body can properly adjust to the full spectrum hemp plant compounds in your wellness routine. After drawing up your desired serving size, place the dropper applicator under your tongue and administer the sublingual oil. Allow the CBD oil tincture to absorb into the mucous membranes in your mouth for at least 60 seconds. Coat the inside of your mouth with any oil that remains in order to absorb as much cannabinoid content as possible. Many people choose to take their CBD tincture both in the morning and at night, depending on their desired results.
Full spectrum USDA organic CBD oil for sale made from Kentucky-grown hemp plants. Buy pure cannabidiol (CBD) oil online.