How to make CBD oil at home
Last updated November 11-2020 Published January 21-2020
TABLE OF CONTENT
- 1. The benefits of CBD oil
- 2. What options are there for making CBD at home?
- 3. A note on strain selection
- 4. Making CBD oil with alcohol
- 5. Making CBD oil with carrier oils
- 6. Advantages of professional CBD oil production
- 7. Making CBD oil at home: the bottom line
Making DIY CBD oil at home is pretty easy if you have the right ingredients. It will by no means be as powerful or as potent as professionally extracted and produced CBD oil (which is actually quite an in-depth and complicated process), but with a few easy steps, you can still harness some of the power hemp has to offer.
THE BENEFITS OF MAKING CBD OIL AT HOME
CBD is enjoyed in many forms, but oil is one of the most common ways to take it. People usually buy their CBD oil at health shops or dispensaries, and, depending on where you live, you may be spoilt for choice. However, for those with far fewer options, or those looking to avoid the expense of certain store-bought products, making CBD oil at home is a viable solution. Yes, you read correctly. With some hemp flowers, the right equipment, and a few simple ingredients, you’ll have a great homemade CBD oil in no time.
WHAT OPTIONS ARE THERE FOR MAKING CBD OIL AT HOME?
If you’re ready to get to it, you’ll first have to decide which method you want to go with. There are two options for amateurs, and choosing one over the other won’t make an extreme difference. However, there is a difference, and both options have their pros and cons.
The first requires using food-safe alcohol to extract CBD from hemp plant material. The second, which has become popular due to the gentle process involved, utilises natural plant oils to extract CBD. Hemp seed, olive, and coconut oils are popular choices here and are fairly effective solvents.
You might be wondering about a third extraction method using CO₂. It’s true, this has become the industry standard for quality CBD oils due to its “clean” nature. CO₂ extraction provides the most potent, controlled and verifiable extraction currently possible, but it requires extremely expensive equipment, a lot of space, and extensive knowledge to perform properly. For that reason, we’ll stick to discussing the first two.
A NOTE ON STRAIN SELECTION
Before we get into that, though, you’ll want to make sure you pick the right strain. As many strains nowadays are bred to have high THC and low CBD levels, you’ll need to pay attention to what you select. If you’d like our suggestion, though, we have a couple in mind. Strains such as Nebula II CBD, for instance, are CBD-dominant, while others, like CBD Critical Mass, have a 1:1 ratio of CBD:THC. Both are suitable options; it just depends on your preference. There are even some strains now with CBD heavy ratios, containing next to no THC at all.
MAKING CBD OIL WITH ALCOHOL
• Around 30g ground buds or 60–100g ground dried shake or trim
• High-proof, food-safe grain alcohol
• Mixing bowl
• Baking tray
• Parchment paper
• Fine strainer such as a piece of cheesecloth or a sieve
• Catchment container
• Double boiler (a set of two fitted saucepans/pots stacked together with space between them)
• Wooden spoon
• Plastic syringe
To begin, you need to ensure your plant matter is decarboxylated. To do so, grind it up until it has a fine even consistency, and place on a baking tray lined with parchment paper. Place it in a preheated oven at 110ºC (225ºF) and allow to cook for one hour.
Place your decarbed buds or trim into the mixing bowl and pour in enough alcohol to completely submerge the plant matter. Use the wooden spoon to stir the material for 5–10 minutes. During this time, the alcohol will pull out the desired constituents such as CBD and terpenes. Stirring will help to accelerate the process and dislodge the trichomes that produce these substances.
Next, you’ll need to separate the CBD-rich alcohol extract from the plant matter. Strain the solution through a piece of cheesecloth or a fine sieve into a bowl below. You’ll notice that the alcohol has a dark green colour to it. Repeat the process above with fresh alcohol a few more times to get the most out of your buds or trim. Eventually, the extract will start appearing more clear in colour, a sign that the material is now spent.
Now it’s time to set up the double boiler. If you don’t have a setup like this already, an easy makeshift option is to fill the bottom of a saucepan with water, then place a stainless steel bowl into the saucepan that fits snugly, but doesn’t touch the bottom of the pan.
Pour the alcohol extract into the stainless steel bowl/top of the double boiler and apply gentle heat. High-proof alcohol is highly volatile and will evaporate at a low temperature. Keep the heat down and turn the heat on and off where necessary. It’s important to carry out this process away from any naked flames and ideally under an extractor fan or outdoors. The vapour produced when the alcohol evaporates is highly flammable and poses a real fire hazard.
Keep stirring the extract for 15–20 minutes while the alcohol evaporates. The mixture should turn extremely viscous.
After all the alcohol is removed, the extract should display a thick, tar-like consistency. Whilst it’s still warm, draw it up into a large syringe or multiple smaller ones. This makes it easy to store and administer.
CBD oil offers users a wide range of possibilities, with researchers and public figures alike swearing by it. The best part? You can make it yourself at home!
How to make CBD oil at home
Clutching the tiny bottle, I stared in disbelief at the $500 price sticker. Why must I pay so much for 50ml of oil that might only last a couple of months?
Where else could I get some CBD oil? It would be cheaper to make it myself. How hard can it be?
If you want the easiest way to make your own CBD oil at home you need to get this machine. It’s a botanical extractor designed to turn any types of ‘herb’ into oils. The MagicalButter Machine will save you time and money.
You can make your own CBD Oil
Good news! Making your own CBD oil is really not that hard. You don’t need to buy any expensive equipment, and it only takes a few hours.
The hardest part of the entire process for many (especially in Australia) is sourcing the cannabis.
In Australia, although medicinal cannabis and CBD can be obtained, it is a tedious and expensive process. If you don’t have medical approval, you’ll need to find your cannabis material some other way.
It’s important to be cautious when doing this, as cannabis varies widely from strains that are high in THC (the part responsible for the ‘stoned’ or ‘high’ feeling) right down to industrial hemp which is high in CBD but very low in THC (less than 0.3%).
Important to keep this in mind if ‘getting high’ isn’t the intended outcome..
CBD is a single cannabinoid, and only one of many you will find in the cannabis plant. Using the method we outline below, it’s impossible to separate CBD from other cannabinoids such as THC. This means that if you start with a high THC cannabis flower, your final product will be high THC.
How to make CBD oil
There are three ways to make CBD oil:
- CO2 extraction
- Ethanol method
- Oil method (which we’ll discuss in greater detail below)
The first method produces the purest form of CBD, with high pressure being used to force carbon dioxide through the plant material at low temperatures. The process is called Supercritical Fluid Extraction. Unless you’re familiar with industrial chemistry and are in possession of a CO2 extraction machine worth over $100,000, this method probably isn’t the one for you.
The second method uses high grade alcohol to extract the CBD. The cannabis plant is ground up, mixed with the alcohol, and heated gently over a couple of days to evaporate all of the alcohol and leave just the ‘FECO’ (Full Extract Cannabis Oil). You can do it at home, but it is both time consuming and potentially dangerous, needing safety equipment and care to avoid an explosion from the evaporating alcohol. This YouTube video explains the process.
The third method, and the one we’ll be discussing in greater depth, involves extracting the CBD using oil. It is far more practical, it will save you money, you won’t need to purchase any fancy equipment, and the process can be completed within a single day.
This is the most suitable method if you’re planning on making CBD Oil at home.
How you can make CBD Oil at home
What you need
Firstly you need some cannabis plant matter. The strain of cannabis you use (hemp or marijuana) and the parts of the plant you include – flowers, buds, leaves, stems – will determine the makeup and strength of your CBD oil, including the proportion of CBD to THC. (Note: The seeds of the hemp plant do not contain CBD).
- Cannabis plant matter – about a cupful (250ml)
- 1 cup (250 ml) Coconut ‘MCT’ oil
Oils like CBD are too strong to be used directly, so a carrier oil such as coconut oil makes accurate dosing easier. It also removes the strong odour while retaining the medicinal benefits of the CBD.
The total amount of oil you end up with will vary depending on heating method and duration. Generally speaking, you’ll end up with a similar amount of oil to that which you start with. If you use 250ml of Coconut oil, you’ll end up with roughly 250ml of total oil.
The important measurement is the amount of CBD in the cannabis, and the total amount of CBD in the final oil. This is obviously harder to measure so you’ll want to be careful to start with small doses of your final product.
- knife, scissors or blender to break up your greens into small pieces
- baking tray (you may choose to line the metal tray with baking paper)
- double boiler or crock pot (slow cooker)
- cheesecloth, strainer or coffee filter
- glass storage jar with lid
Before you start, you need to decarboxylate your plant matter. This process involves applying heat to release the cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabinoids so that your body can use them.
Break up your plant material with the knife or scissors or with a quick whizz in the blender.
Spread a single layer of greens on the baking tray, and place it in your oven at about 1050C for about an hour. When you remove it, it should be dry and slightly crisp, but not scorched.
2. Add Carrier Oil
Mix your cooled, decarboxylated cannabis with the coconut oil, and stir well to make sure the plant matter is saturated with oil. Coconut oil solidifies at about 24 °C (76°F), so you may need to warm it gently first.
You can pour the mixture into a bowl and sit it over a pot of boiling water. Keep checking so the water doesn’t boil away.
Or you can put your mixture in a glass jar sitting on a cloth in a slow cooker and crockpot on a low setting.
Heat for 3 hours, let it sit for 3 hours, and then heat it for another 3 hours. Finally, turn off the heat and let sit until cool.
4. Strain and store
Strain your mixture through cheesecloth, squeezing out as much oil as possible. Or push it through a sieve or coffee filter. Store the oil in an airtight jar in a cool, dry, dark place.
How to use your CBD oil
You can use your oil by applying drops of it under your tongue, starting with one or two drops, two or three times a day, and building up slowly when you find out what effect it has. Many people find relief for chronic pain, sleep disorders, and other ailments, but everyone is different.
If you’d like to learn more about the benefits of CBD oil, check out Amber’s article.
As is the case with many things in life, making your own CBD oil has its pros and cons. You are likely to save a heap of money and control the ingredients going directly into your oil. There’s also something inherently satisfying about creating your own medicine. The trade off (especially in Australia) is difficulty obtaining cannabis flower and knowing exact percentages of CBD versus other cannabinoids.
Bought CBD comes with information about the concentration of Cannabidiol (CBD) in the oil, as well as possible Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which will help you to determine your ideal dosage.
If you’re a visual learner, this short YouTube video demonstrates the whole process very simply and clearly.
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Wondering how to Make CBD Oil at Home? Why wouldn't you, CBD oil is Expensive stuff! But is it worth it to make your own are you better buying it from a supplier