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is cbd oil illegal in ohio

Where to Buy CBD Oil in Ohio? Hemp Oil Laws & Legality (2021)

Illustration of Ohio state and Columbus city in white background

    Written by Nina Julia
  • Last Updated: March 25, 2021

In 2016, Governor John Kasich signed House Bill 523, making Ohio the 25th state to legalize medical marijuana. The new law allows residents of Ohio to treat specific medical conditions with marijuana and its derivatives, including CBD oil.

But what if you don’t have a prescription for medical marijuana?

Can you legally buy CBD oil in Ohio if it comes from hemp?

In this article, we cover the Ohio laws surrounding cannabis and provide you with an all-around guide to finding quality products in the state whether you decide to shop online or locally.

Where to Buy CBD Oil in Ohio?

As you can see, CBD laws in Ohio are foggy, and shopping for CBD locally can be risky if you want a quality product. Although the state has decided to enforce the provisions of the 2018 Farm Bill, it excluded the vast majority of stores from the list of eligible retailers. Currently, hemp-derived CBD oil is available in licensed cannabis dispensaries, which are unavailable to recreational users.

Therefore, your best chance of getting high-quality CBD oil in Ohio is through a reliable online retailer.

Benefits of Buying CBD Online

Online stores usually have a better product selection than in-store vendors. You can choose from products like tinctures, capsules, edibles, creams, concentrates, vape liquid, and even pet products. It would be difficult to find all these formats in a local store. Most physical stores offer one or two types of CBD.

Shopping for CBD online gives you access to important information about the company, such as the source of their hemp, extraction methods, third-party testing, and more. When you visit a physical store, you rely solely on the owner’s knowledge, and such stores aren’t usually run by the industry’s experts.

Last but not least, CBD products found online are usually less expensive than those sold locally. Running a physical storefront means there’s a middleman involved, and the prices usually reflect that. Online retailers can offer regular discounts, bulk pricing, and reward programs for customers.

Local CBD Retailers in Ohio

CBD Stores in Columbus
  1. AltSmoke
  2. Top Notch Vapor
  3. High Up Head Shop
CBD Stores in Cleveland
  1. Limitless CBD
  2. Cleveland Vape
  3. Lux Vapors
CBD Stores in Cincinnati
  1. Ohio CBD Guy
  2. Vape It Up
  3. Cincy Vapors

Is CBD Oil Legal in Ohio?

The state of Ohio only accepts hemp-derived CBD oil under the new federal law, but marijuana and its derivatives are prohibited for recreational use. Only qualifying patients can obtain marijuana-derived CBD.

Why does the state of Ohio have different laws for hemp and marijuana?

Despite sharing the same parent plant, hemp and marijuana have different ratios between the major cannabinoids: CBD and THC.

Hemp is naturally high in CBD and contains only a trace amount of THC (up to 0.3%), so products made from this type of cannabis won’t make you feel high.

Marijuana, on the other hand, is higher in THC and its CBD content varies by strain. CBD oils made from marijuana can get the user high and are treated differently by Ohio law.

Let’s talk about potential quality issues and how to avoid them in an unregulated market like CBD.

How to Find Quality CBD Products in Ohio?

Hand of a person holding out a CBD oil bottle with hemp in the background

The production of CBD oil isn’t regulated by any government agency, so some companies are very liberal when it comes to labeling, often selling products that contain far less CBD than advertised. Some of those products are downright dangerous.

Don’t worry, you can follow certain steps to avoid poor decisions.

Here’s how to make sure you spend your money the right way:

  • Only purchase from companies that test their products in third-party laboratories. Outside labs can tell you if the potency of CBD matches the one advertised on the bottle. They can also detect unwanted additives, such as pesticides, heavy metals, mycotoxins, and other contaminants.
  • Choose CO2-extracted CBD. CO2 extraction is by far the safest and most effective method for making CBD oil. This technology doesn’t involve additional heat or solvents, so it can slowly extract CBD along with other beneficial compounds from the source plant without destroying them on the way.
  • Full-spectrum CBD is generally better than CBD isolate. Full-spectrum means that the product was made using the whole hemp plant, so it contains all beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. These compounds help the body process CBD more efficiently, allowing lower doses to remain effective. If you’re not tested for THC at work, we recommend that you stick to full-spectrum extracts rather than isolates.
  • Organic hemp is the best source of CBD oil. If your hemp is organic, this means it has been cultivated under natural sunlight, in clean soil, and without the use of pesticides, fertilizers, or growth boosters. Growing conditions are extremely important for the quality of CBD extracts. Organic hemp yields CBD-rich flowers and makes for the perfect sourcing material.
  • Avoid companies claiming that CBD can cure anything. CBD is a versatile compound that can do wonders for your quality of life, but it won’t cure any medical conditions. Companies claiming that their products cure cancer or something similarly outrageous is companies you should avoid.

Following these steps will save you time and money. Speaking of which, if you’re not ready to commit on the first date, you can look for companies that offer some sort of money-back guarantee on their products.

Here’s how the state of Ohio perceives both sources of CBD.

Hemp CBD Oil in Ohio

Although CBD oil from hemp is considered legal in Ohio, the exact regulations are a bit murky.

Under the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp is no longer considered a controlled substance. It’s an agricultural commodity like any other crop that can be freely grown across the United States.

Hemp can be used for clothing, paper, fuel, food, and health supplements such as CBD oil.

However, there’s a catch created by the Ohio Board of Pharmacy. The board has recently banned stores other than state-licensed marijuana dispensaries from selling any cannabis-derived products.

Simply put, cape shops, food stores, and head shops can’t legally sell CBD if they want to comply with Ohio’s law. Some of those stores gave up on stocking CBD, while others continue to sell it.

Marijuana CBD Oil in Ohio

Ohio has decriminalized marijuana for recreational use, so you won’t face criminal charges for possession. However, residents of Ohio have yet to wait for legalization.

Getting caught with 100 grams of marijuana or less is a misdemeanor that can get you a mere fine of approximately $150 if that’s your first offense. If you get busted with amounts between 100 grams and 200 grams, you can face criminal charges involving 30 days in jail and a fine of $250.

Still, penalties for possession are very light compared with states like Georgia or Texas.

Can Doctors Prescribe CBD Oil in Ohio?

Yes! If you’re a resident of Ohio, you have the right to buy marijuana-derived CBD oil if you can provide a written recommendation from your doctor. The new law was introduced with House Bill 523, which legalized marijuana on September 8, 2016.

However, Ohio state law only allows non-smokable forms of marijuana, so you can only purchase CBD oils, vape juices, and marijuana patches.

You can ask a doctor for a medical marijuana recommendation if you have one of the following conditions

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Cancer
  • Chronic traumatic encephalopathy
  • Chronic or severe pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy or other seizure disorder
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Fibromyalgia pain
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Spinal cord disease or injury
  • Tourette’s syndrome
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Ulcerative colitis

Summary: What’s the Best Way to Buy CBD Oil in Ohio?

Ohio has pretty relaxed laws when it comes to cannabis. Marijuana possession has been decriminalized and the state has a well-developed medical marijuana program. It also allows the sale of hemp-derived CBD products.

However, if you want to buy CBD oil without a prescription, you won’t have many opportunities to do that locally because the state of Ohio only allows medical marijuana dispensaries to distribute CBD products. That’s why buying CBD oil online is the best option in Ohio if you want to stay compliant with the law.

Regardless of how you decide to shop for CBD, remember to always do your research on any company before you buy. Pay attention to things like the source of hemp, extraction method, and above all — look for Certificates of Analysis from a third-party laboratory.

Looking for CBD oil in Ohio? Then you’ve come to the right place. We explain the state laws surrounding CBD and highlight the best deals for quality CBD products in Ohio.

Is CBD legal in Ohio?

Cannabidiol (CBD) has become increasingly popular and in-demand in the last few years. It can be found as an active ingredient in lotions and oils. It is also used in consumables that can range from tasty desserts to a daily vitamin gummy. They are available to buy online and, more recently, shops have started opening that only offer CBD products. As of 2019, the use of CBD oil has been decriminalized in Ohio.

However, it doesn’t mean that you should buy it or that it is safe just because it is decriminalized. What is CBD oil? Can it help those who use it? If it’s decriminalized, does that mean it is legal to purchase and consume? Here is some more guidance on this substance.

What Is CBD Oil?

Cannabis and marijuana are words that are used to describe the same thing. You know that CBD oil is associated with the drug but what exactly is it and where does it come from? CBD is a chemical compound and it is the second most common active ingredient in cannabis. It is also an essential part of medical marijuana that is sold legally in some states.

CBD oil can be derived from either a marijuana plant or a hemp plant. Hundreds of components are found in both of these plants. CBD is just one small part. Once CBD is extracted from the plant it is usually collected in an oil form. This oil is then sold as-is or it is added to other products like lotions and edibles. CBD does not cause the “high” that is usually associated with cannabis or marijuana.

Is CBD Oil Safe?

There is scientific evidence that CBD oil can help certain conditions including:

  • Anxiety. CBD has been noted to help those with anxiety calm down a bit and lessen their worries.
  • Insomnia. There is promising evidence that taking CBD oil and help people with both falling asleep and staying asleep.
  • Chronic pain. Studies have been conducted in animals that show applying CBD on the skin through lotion can lower pain and reduce inflammation. This is good news for people with conditions like neuropathy and arthritis.
  • Childhood epilepsy seizures. Evidence shows that this is especially true in kids who have seizures that do not respond well to anti-seizure medicines. Generally, these people take the oil by adding a few drops to a drink or directly apply oil to their tongue.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has indirectly endorsed the benefits of CBD oil. In 2018 they approved a drug that contained CBD oil and extracts from a marijuana plant. The medicine is to help treat a rare and severe form of epilepsy that commonly appears in children.

While the use of CBD oil is generally safe, there are a few known side-effects. These include nausea, irritability, and fatigue. It can also interact with certain medications like blood thinners. For this reason, you should always consult with your doctor before starting a new medicine or supplement that contains CBD.

Federal and Ohio CBD Oil Laws and Regulations

CBD oil is readily available and most states in the U.S. have legalized its use in some way. In 2019, the Ohio legislature passed a law that decriminalized all hemp use in the state. This law eliminated confusion on several factors including:

  • It allows retailers to sell CBD oil that is derived from hemp and contains less than .3% of THC to be sold
  • It is legal for Ohio farmers to grow and process hemp
  • It established a licensing system for farmers to follow if they want to get into the industrial hemp business
  • It assigns state leadership by designating the Ohio Department of Agriculture as the authority to create all regulations regarding hemp and to assign licenses
  • It allows state universities to cultivate and process hemp for research purposes

As with all drug laws, the federal government has its own regulations and each state can also make individual laws. The federal government’s take on CBD oil is confusing. It ultimately comes down to the source of the CBD in question. There should be no issues if the oil was extracted from a hemp plant. However, you could face fines if you are convicted of a federal drug charge for CBD oil that was extracted from a marijuana plant.

However, these types of federal charges are rare and it is unlikely that an individual would be federally prosecuted for having CBD oil that was derived from a marijuana plant. Sellers of CBD oil from this source would more likely be the target of any government raid or fine.

The laws around CBD– and marijuana in general– are rapidly changing. Here's the latest information on the legality of CBD in Ohio.