How to Make CBD Oil
Many people use CBD oil to reduce inflammation, soothe pain, or improve their body’s response to stress. And it’s super easy to make at home, too. Plus you can use healthy fats and you’ll know exactly what you’re putting into your bottle, avoiding the refined oils and additives that commercial producers sometimes add.
If you’re looking to make cbd oil, you’ll need just two ingredients: hemp and a carrier oil like olive oil. The result is a vibrantly herbaceous infused oil with soothing anti-inflammatory properties.
What is CBD oil?
CBD oil is a non-intoxicating herbal remedy made from hemp flower. It is rich in cannabidiol, a type of compound found in cannabis that has strong anti-inflammatory properties. One of CBD’s benefits is that it conveys the beneficial properties of cannabis without the high since it contains little to no THC.
Many people take CBD to help combat inflammation, anxiety, or restless sleep. Some research suggests it helps protect and support nervous system health (1) and may reduce pain (2), while other research suggests it supports gut health and proper immune system function (3).
To make CBD oil at home, you’ll need to follow a simple two-step process: decarboxylation and infusion. While it sounds complex, decarboxylation is a simple process of precision heating that activates beneficial compounds in cannabis. The second step, infusion, releases those compounds into a carrier oil. Infused oils are easy to take, and oil makes these compounds easier for your body to absorb, too.
Activating the CBD
In order to make CBD oil, you need to extract cannabidiol from hemp first. Further, you need to activate through a process called decarboxylation. The compounds in cannabis plants aren’t active or bioavailable on their own; rather, they’re activated through heat which is why the plant is traditionally smoked.
Rather than smoking, you can activate these compounds through other means of heating. Some people bake hemp flowers in a slow oven for about an hour or use a slow cooker. These methods are inexpensive, but they’re also imprecise and may not activate all the CBD.
To activate CBD efficiently and to get the most from your plant material, you’ll need a precision cooker (also known as a decarboxylator) which can maintain exact temperatures needed for the full activation of CBD and other cannabinoids. With precision heating, decarboxylators extract a higher percentage of beneficial plant compounds than cruder methods and are a worthwhile investment for anyone who takes CBD oil regularly or wants to make a consistently good product.
Where to Find a Decarboxylator. Commercial CBD oil producers use huge decarboxylators capable of activating the cannabinoids in several pounds of cannabis; however, if you’re making it at home, you’ll need a smaller version.
We used the Ardent Flex for making this CBD oil. With multiple settings, you can use it to activate CBD as well as similar compounds. And, you can also use it to make herbal infusions. Save $30 with code NOURISHED.
What you’ll need to make CBD oil
To make CBD oil you only need two primary ingredients: hemp and a carrier oil. Hemp flowers that are high in CBD will yield the best results, and if you can’t find them locally, you can order them online. After decarboxylating the hemp flowers, you can then use them to make a CBD-infused oil.
High-CBD hemp flower
Depending on their strain, cannabis may contain large or relatively low amounts of CBD. When you make CBD oil, choose a strain with a high CBD content so that you can extract the most beneficial compounds into your homemade oil.
Where to Find High-CBD hemp flower. Since hemp flower is non-intoxicating with negligible to no-detectable THC content, it is legal on a federal level. You may be able to find it locally; however, your best bet is to purchase it online.
Sacred Smoke Herbals sells high-CBD hemp flower that’s organically grown, lab-tested, and available in all 50 states. Use coupon code NOURISHED15 for 15% off.
Finding the right carrier oil
A carrier oil is an oil that you use for herbal infusions. Coconut oil and MCT oil (which is derived from coconut) are popular carrier oils both in commercial and homemade CBD products.
I recommend trying extra virgin olive oil because it has good flavor and high antioxidant levels. Even more, research by ardent shows that olive oil is more successful at extracting the plants’ beneficial compounds.
Making CBD oil at home is easy, and you need only a few ingredients. It's a two-step process that involves heating and then infusion into a carrier oil.
How to make CBD oil at home
Clutching the tiny bottle, I stared in disbelief at the $500 price sticker. Why must I pay so much for 50ml of oil that might only last a couple of months?
Where else could I get some CBD oil? It would be cheaper to make it myself. How hard can it be?
If you want the easiest way to make your own CBD oil at home you need to get this machine. It’s a botanical extractor designed to turn any types of ‘herb’ into oils. The MagicalButter Machine will save you time and money.
You can make your own CBD Oil
Good news! Making your own CBD oil is really not that hard. You don’t need to buy any expensive equipment, and it only takes a few hours.
The hardest part of the entire process for many (especially in Australia) is sourcing the cannabis.
In Australia, although medicinal cannabis and CBD can be obtained, it is a tedious and expensive process. If you don’t have medical approval, you’ll need to find your cannabis material some other way.
It’s important to be cautious when doing this, as cannabis varies widely from strains that are high in THC (the part responsible for the ‘stoned’ or ‘high’ feeling) right down to industrial hemp which is high in CBD but very low in THC (less than 0.3%).
Important to keep this in mind if ‘getting high’ isn’t the intended outcome..
CBD is a single cannabinoid, and only one of many you will find in the cannabis plant. Using the method we outline below, it’s impossible to separate CBD from other cannabinoids such as THC. This means that if you start with a high THC cannabis flower, your final product will be high THC.
How to make CBD oil
There are three ways to make CBD oil:
- CO2 extraction
- Ethanol method
- Oil method (which we’ll discuss in greater detail below)
The first method produces the purest form of CBD, with high pressure being used to force carbon dioxide through the plant material at low temperatures. The process is called Supercritical Fluid Extraction. Unless you’re familiar with industrial chemistry and are in possession of a CO2 extraction machine worth over $100,000, this method probably isn’t the one for you.
The second method uses high grade alcohol to extract the CBD. The cannabis plant is ground up, mixed with the alcohol, and heated gently over a couple of days to evaporate all of the alcohol and leave just the ‘FECO’ (Full Extract Cannabis Oil). You can do it at home, but it is both time consuming and potentially dangerous, needing safety equipment and care to avoid an explosion from the evaporating alcohol. This YouTube video explains the process.
The third method, and the one we’ll be discussing in greater depth, involves extracting the CBD using oil. It is far more practical, it will save you money, you won’t need to purchase any fancy equipment, and the process can be completed within a single day.
This is the most suitable method if you’re planning on making CBD Oil at home.
How you can make CBD Oil at home
What you need
Firstly you need some cannabis plant matter. The strain of cannabis you use (hemp or marijuana) and the parts of the plant you include – flowers, buds, leaves, stems – will determine the makeup and strength of your CBD oil, including the proportion of CBD to THC. (Note: The seeds of the hemp plant do not contain CBD).
- Cannabis plant matter – about a cupful (250ml)
- 1 cup (250 ml) Coconut ‘MCT’ oil
Oils like CBD are too strong to be used directly, so a carrier oil such as coconut oil makes accurate dosing easier. It also removes the strong odour while retaining the medicinal benefits of the CBD.
The total amount of oil you end up with will vary depending on heating method and duration. Generally speaking, you’ll end up with a similar amount of oil to that which you start with. If you use 250ml of Coconut oil, you’ll end up with roughly 250ml of total oil.
The important measurement is the amount of CBD in the cannabis, and the total amount of CBD in the final oil. This is obviously harder to measure so you’ll want to be careful to start with small doses of your final product.
- knife, scissors or blender to break up your greens into small pieces
- baking tray (you may choose to line the metal tray with baking paper)
- double boiler or crock pot (slow cooker)
- cheesecloth, strainer or coffee filter
- glass storage jar with lid
Before you start, you need to decarboxylate your plant matter. This process involves applying heat to release the cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabinoids so that your body can use them.
Break up your plant material with the knife or scissors or with a quick whizz in the blender.
Spread a single layer of greens on the baking tray, and place it in your oven at about 1050C for about an hour. When you remove it, it should be dry and slightly crisp, but not scorched.
2. Add Carrier Oil
Mix your cooled, decarboxylated cannabis with the coconut oil, and stir well to make sure the plant matter is saturated with oil. Coconut oil solidifies at about 24 °C (76°F), so you may need to warm it gently first.
You can pour the mixture into a bowl and sit it over a pot of boiling water. Keep checking so the water doesn’t boil away.
Or you can put your mixture in a glass jar sitting on a cloth in a slow cooker and crockpot on a low setting.
Heat for 3 hours, let it sit for 3 hours, and then heat it for another 3 hours. Finally, turn off the heat and let sit until cool.
4. Strain and store
Strain your mixture through cheesecloth, squeezing out as much oil as possible. Or push it through a sieve or coffee filter. Store the oil in an airtight jar in a cool, dry, dark place.
How to use your CBD oil
You can use your oil by applying drops of it under your tongue, starting with one or two drops, two or three times a day, and building up slowly when you find out what effect it has. Many people find relief for chronic pain, sleep disorders, and other ailments, but everyone is different.
If you’d like to learn more about the benefits of CBD oil, check out Amber’s article.
As is the case with many things in life, making your own CBD oil has its pros and cons. You are likely to save a heap of money and control the ingredients going directly into your oil. There’s also something inherently satisfying about creating your own medicine. The trade off (especially in Australia) is difficulty obtaining cannabis flower and knowing exact percentages of CBD versus other cannabinoids.
Bought CBD comes with information about the concentration of Cannabidiol (CBD) in the oil, as well as possible Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which will help you to determine your ideal dosage.
If you’re a visual learner, this short YouTube video demonstrates the whole process very simply and clearly.
Click here Hinterland co. to return to our homepage.
Wondering how to Make CBD Oil at Home? Why wouldn't you, CBD oil is Expensive stuff! But is it worth it to make your own are you better buying it from a supplier