FAQ: Hemp Extract vs. CBD Oil
December 27, 2019
Hemp Extract vs. CBD Oil: Frequently Asked Questions
Which is better, hemp extract or CBD oil?
CBD oil contains many beneficial cannabinoids, which are lacking in hemp extract.
Don’t CBD oil and hemp extract come from the same plant?
Yes. Both are derived from the cannabis plant but from different parts of that plant. Hemp extract is the oil pressed from raw hemp seeds, whereas CBD oil comes from the flowers, leaves, stems, and stalks of the mature plant.
What’s the difference in how hemp extract and CBD oil are made?
Hemp extract is made by extracting oil from raw hemp seeds. CBD oil uses a more complex extraction multi-step process that uses more of the full plant. Hemp oil extraction is simple and relatively inexpensive, whereas CBD oil CO2 extraction takes longer and requires highly specialized equipment and training.
Why does CBD oil cost more than hemp extract?
CBD oil has more to offer than hemp extract and hemp oil requires a more complex and expensive manufacturing process. This is a bit like comparing ground beef to filet mignon – they come from the same place, but the process of obtaining each (and the consumer use) are very different.
Which one is legal?
The short answer is both. The more in-depth answer is this: hemp extract is an essential oil and is legal throughout the United States. Full spectrum CBD oil and other types of CBD oil are federally legal, with certain states having levied more specific laws regarding the use, possession, and distribution of CBD oil. For the most current updates, always check with lawmakers in your city and state for local regulations that may apply to you.
Which one can I use on my skin?
Both. CBD oil and hemp extract are both safe to apply topically to the skin, and CBD oil is often incorporated into skincare and antiaging products.
Which one can be ingested?
Which one will get me high?
Neither. Hemp extract contains no THC and CBD oil contains only trace amounts of THC. THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol, the compound of cannabis that’s responsible for producing marijuana’s “high.”
Where can I buy hemp extract?
You can buy hemp extract most anywhere you can find essential oils (because that’s what it really is): natural food stores, some pharmacies and groceries, and online.
Where can I buy pure CBD oil?
You can shop CBD oil or CBD capsules online with NuLeaf Naturals or click here for an interactive map to find a retail location near you.
You might be confused by hemp and CBD. We compare hemp extract vs. CBD oil so you understand exactly what you're getting with both products on the market.
CBD Oil, Hemp Extract, Hemp Seed Oil—What Does It All Mean?
This piece is sponsored content in partnership with Elevate.
There’s no missing the fact that CBD is everywhere these days. Everywhere from your local farmer’s market to your favorite coffee shop is selling products with touting CBD, hemp extract, and hemp oil. Fans praise these ingredients as the answer to a plethora of physical health and anxiety-related problems. But what are they? Are all cannabis derivatives created equal? What’s the difference between CBD, hemp extract, and hemp oil? And can any of them actually help muscle soreness, inflammation, and pain? Here’s everything you need to know before buying into the CBD hype.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a chemical compound—one of over 100, actually—found in the cannabis sativa plant.
The cannabis sativa plant includes two main species: hemp and marijuana. Both contain CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which causes that psychoactive ‘high’. But hemp contains a much higher percentage of CBD and only trace amounts of THC, which is why CBD is typically extracted from the hemp plant (and also known as hemp extract). CBD isn’t going to get you high, although it can have psychoactive effects along the lines of reducing anxiety and depression.
What Makes CBD So Special
While everyone knows about THC’s psychoactive abilities, CBD gets all the kudos for its anti-inflammatory benefits. Athletes, for example, love that it can help soothe muscle aches and joint pain such as arthritis.
The science backs them up: A 2012 study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine and a 2016 study in the European Journal of Pain both found that CBD reduced chronic pain or arthritis pain levels with CBD.
And 42 percent of CBD users reported giving up traditional medications like Tylenol or prescription drugs like Vicodin in favor of CBD, in a survey conducted by Brightfield Group and HelloMD, an online community for doctors and cannabis patients together (and 80 percent of those people said they found the CBD products to be “very or extremely effective”).
It’s not just a balm for pain: Some studies show that CBD may reduce inflammation, and additional research has found that CBD can be an effective treatment for multiple anxiety disorders. Hemp is also full of healthy fatty acids, which means it can clear up skin conditions including acne, eczema, and psoriasis.
CBD Oil Vs. Hemp Extract vs. Hemp Seed Oil
One of the big problems when navigating these alleged wonder products, though, is that terms like CBD oil, hemp extract and hemp seed oil are often used interchangeably. But the difference between them can be pretty big.
CBD is extracted from the stalks, stems, and flowers but not the seeds of the cannabis sativa plant. Any product made from hemp seed oil (sometimes called cannabis sativa seed oil) will not contain CBD.
Hemp seed oil is still good for you, though. Like other carrier oils (think olive or sunflower seed oil), hemp seed oil is high in antioxidants, amino acids, and omega fatty acids. It just might be a better option if skincare is your goal versus aches and pains.
CBD oil and hemp extract are typically synonymous—and, just to add to the confusion, are also referred to as plain old hemp oil. Hemp extract is specifically elicited from those parts of the hemp plant known to have high levels of cannabidiol, which provides all the anti-inflammatory and analgesic benefits.
The CBD Spectrum
As important as knowing your seeds from your stalks is knowing the difference between products classed as full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate extracts.
Full spectrum CBD implies an extract of the ‘full plant’–that’s CBD along with all the hemp plant’s other natural cannabinoids, flavonoids (i.e. plant pigments), and terpenes, the aromatic components of a plant’s essential oils that are also known to have a therapeutic benefit. Of course, ‘full plant’ also means trace amounts of THC may be included (i.e. you may not pass a drug test if you take this).
CBD-seekers opting for full spectrum products, such as the ones produced by Elevate, Spartan’s recently announced CBD partner, do so because of something known as the ‘entourage effect’—the synergistic interaction of all the above components, which, the brand claims leads to better therapeutic benefits.
Broad-spectrum CBD is basically full-spectrum CBD but with all traces of THC removed. It’s a top choice for those who can’t have or really don’t want any traces of THC is their system.
As for isolate extracts, this is the product of choice for CBD purists. These products have all traces of THC, terpenes, flavonoids, and more removed during the extraction process, so that all that remains is pure CBD.
Are All CBD and Hemp Extract Products Safe?
Because of its association with THC, some people are still iffy on CBD. But the World Health Organization issued a report which maintained that CBD didn’t appear to “have abuse potential or cause harm.”
Studies are still ongoing to test for side-effects and determine CBD’s full benefits, and current research is looking at the possibility of CBD use in a vast array of medical conditions from Parkinson’s to post-traumatic stress disorder. Last June, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) even approved the first cannabidiol-based drug, Epidiolex, to address severe forms of epilepsy.
That said, the FDA has issued warnings against illegally marketed CBD products that promise unrealistic results, including claims that it can cure cancer.
As with any supplements or medication, you should always do your research and buy legally-sanctioned products in order to enjoy the full benefits of CBD.
CBD is everywhere. But what’s the difference between CBD oil, hemp extract and other cannabis derivatives—and why should you care?