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cbd oil to sleep

Best CBD Oil for Sleep & Insomnia [2021 Update]

best cbd oil for sleep

If you go to bed at a reasonable hour but still don’t get enough sleep because you keep tossing and turning the whole night, waking up at the slightest sound, you’re not alone.

CBD oil can be an effective, natural solution to poor sleep, but how to find the right one? The market is flooded with them! And many are of poor quality, not giving you the results you need.

If you don’t have time to read the whole article,

Here are our top 5 CBD oils for sleep issues:

  1. Fab CBD Oil: Top Voted & Highest Quality
  2. Cheef Botanicals CBD Oil: Best Value
  3. CBDpure Oil: Highest Guarantee
  4. Nuleaf Naturals Full Spectrum Oil: Most Potent Product
  5. Joy Organics CBD Oil: THC Free CBD Products

How Was This List Made?

Cannabis has been used in alternative medicine for centuries and is now seeing a resurgence in popularity. Too many companies have jumped onto the CBD bandwagon over the past few years, hoping to make a quick buck.

There are a lot of sub-standard products on the market, many of them using low-grade CBD extract that is ineffective. It’s important to know which of the brands are really worth their salt before you spend your hard-earned dollars.

We took the time to research the CBD brands available on the market thoroughly before coming up with our recommendations.

And even before doing that, we looked at a lot of scientific literature on CBD to get a thorough understanding of what’s what and how CBD can actually help deal with insomnia.

We’re also not interested in pushing hype. What we look for are the clean, hard facts, giving them to you as they are.

There is a lot we had to consider when selecting the best CBD oils for sleep:

  • Hemp source and quality: organic hemp is the best. Many countries around the world grow hemp, but not all of them follow the same standards. And having the hemp sourced locally gives the brand more control over the quality.
  • CBD extraction process: there are different ways to extract CBD from the hemp plant. Some methods leave harsh chemical residues in the extract, while others result in a pure, safe CBD.
  • Isolate or broad-spectrum: Some brands offer CBD isolate, while others offer a broad-spectrum CBD that contains all the other useful cannabinoids and terpenes from the hemp plant.
  • Third-party testing: The best brands have their CBD oils tested for quality, potency, and purity by certified independent third-party labs. It is the best assurance the company can give its customers of commitment to quality.
  • CBD oil potency: not all CBD oils are of the same potency or strength. Some are much stronger, others less.
  • Brand reputation: here, we looked at how transparent the brand is and its reputation with users. We also considered the quality of their customer care.
  • Price: Naturally, you want the best value for money you can get. Here we looked at how much CBD you can actually get per dollar spent.

As you can see, the list is quite comprehensive. It took a lot of searching and double-checking to come up with the top 5 contenders, but we did it.

So let’s not waste any more time and take a more in-depth look at each of these CBD oils to help you decide which one will best suit your personal needs.

5 Best CBD Oil for Sleep (Product Reviews)

#1 Fab CBD Oil: Top Voted & Highest Quality

1 fab cbd

It is a CBD brand with a great range of products, including CBD oil. This company is a relative new-comer to the CBD scene, having opened its doors for business in 2017.

But it has steadily developed a loyal, dedicated following that is now much larger than that of many of FAB’s older competitors.

Fab CBD is a brand geared at providing a unique and fun CBD experience to its users. So unlike some purist brands, they offer CBD oils in various flavors, and a range of other interesting CBD products as well.

Their products, however, retain excellent standards and do not sacrifice quality for the price.

These CBD oils are full-spectrum and use a whole-plant hemp extract, making sure you get the full benefits of all the terpenes and cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, not just CBD alone.

  • 100% organic hemp locally grown in Colorado is used to manufacture all of the CBD used by this brand. This allows the brand full control over its CBD source.
  • Every batch of CBD is independently tested by a third-party lab. Everything from potency and consistency to purity is tested, and the results are made available on the brand’s website for total transparency and quality assurance.
  • The CBD oil is THC-free. There is less than 0.3% THC in Fab’s CBD oils, so you won’t be getting a high or suffering from other mind-altering effects.
  • Several flavors available: you can, of course, buy the natural, unflavored CBD oil, but there are four different flavor options if you are not into the taste of hemp: citrus, mint, vanilla, and berry.
  • Four different strengths: Fab CBD oil comes in a selection of four different potencies so you can choose what works best for your needs: 300mg, 600mg, 1200mg, and 2400mg.

Fab CBD is currently one of the best-known and most popular CBD brands with users, and is also well-respected within the industry, despite being a newcomer. It is certainly more affordable than most yet still offers solid quality and great value for your CBD dollar and here’s a page with Fab CBD’s latest coupon codes.


  • CBD is sourced from 100% organic Colorado hemp
  • Third-party tested for quality and consistency
  • Available in four different strengths
  • Comes in natural and flavored options
  • Affordable
  • Free shipping within the US
  • International shipping available
  • Excellent 30-day money-back policy


  • Free shipping is on the slow side and expedited shipping costs extra
  • Lowest potency oil may not be enough to get the effects you need

Customer Experience

Fab CBD oils has received hundreds of raving reviews from users all over the US and beyond. What people love most about this brand is its easy going yet educative approach to CBD.

Everybody agrees that the price is very affordable for the quality, making this excellent value for money. People also love the fact that there are flavored options available in every potency of CBD oil.

Many have gotten relief from stress, anxiety, and sleep problems using Fab CBD oil, with some commenting that for long-term use, the 1200mg and 2400mg potencies seem to produce the best results.

#2 Cheef Botanicals CBD Oil: Best Value

2 cheef botanicals

It is a solid brand with a reputation for dealing with pure, high-quality CBD in several forms. The company focuses on using 100% organic, non-GMO hemp to extract all of its CBD.

Cheef Botanicals delivers all-natural CBD oil with no flavor or additives except for organic hemp oil, which is used as a carrier to maximize the bioavailability of the CBD itself.

Quality is a top consideration in the entire manufacturing process, from seed to shelf. Third-party lab testing is a given, and customer care is more than happy to answer any questions you may still have.

  • All hemp is sourced from certified, organic industrial-quality hemp farms in Colorado. It ensures that the final CBD extract is pure and potent, with no traces of pesticides or other harmful chemicals.
  • The CO2 extraction process is used. It ensures that the CBD extract is pure and doesn’t contain any harsh chemical residues.
  • Third-party tested for potency and purity. Every batch of CBD oil used by Cheef Botanicals is tested by an independent lab, and the results are posted on the brand’s website.
  • THC-free: This is a broad spectrum oil, meaning it contains all the useful cannabinoids and terpenes in the hemp plant except for the psychoactive THC, so it will not make you high.
  • Free of additives: this organic, vegan, and non-GMO CBD oil contains only hemp oil as a carrier oil. There are no flavors, colorants, or preservatives.
  • Several Potencies Available: This broad-spectrum CBD oil comes in a choice of 4 different potencies: 300mg, 600mg, 1200mg, and 3000mg. This is great as it gives good options for both beginners and advanced users.

It is an excellent, trustworthy brand when it comes to CBD oil and other CBD products. Here’s a summary of the best features, but also the cons.


  • 100% organic, vegan, and non-GMO
  • Locally-grown, industrial-quality hemp
  • Third-party tested for quality
  • Available in 4 different potencies
  • Bundles available for greater discounts
  • Excellent returns and refund policy
  • Great value for money


  • Ships only within the US
  • Shipping is not free
  • No flavored options

Customer Experience

Cheef Botanicals CBD oils have received positive reviews from hundreds of users. Repeat customers like the consistency of the oil, and many recommend the 300mg version as being perfect for newbies to CBD.

People have used these oils to get relief from persistent insomnia, as well as calming stress and anxiety. Some have also found it alleviates lower back pain and joint aches due to arthritis.

#3 CBDpure Oil: Highest Guarantee

3 CBDpure

CBDpure is another well-respected company in the CBD industry, delivering a range of CBD products, including CBD oil. This brand doesn’t offer any flavored oils, preferring to focus on producing a 100% natural, organic CBD oil.

This brand uses organic hemp oil as a carrier base for its CBD and doesn’t add flavor, preservatives, or colorants to its products. All their hemp is sourced from Colorado- and Washington-based hemp farms and is organically grown.

CBDpure uses the CO2 extraction process to ensure the final extract is clean and potent. The brand also submits all of its CBD for independent third-party testing to monitor quality and consistency.

  • 100% organic, locally sourced hemp is used. Having the hemp sourced locally gives the brand better quality control right from the start of the manufacturing process.
  • The CO2 extraction process used is highly acclaimed for producing pure, potent CBD oil with no harsh solvent residues or other contaminants.
  • Tested by a third-party lab for quality. All the brand’s CBD oil is tested for contaminants such as pesticides, heavy metals, and other harmful substances, and the results are published on the company’s website.
  • Broad-spectrum CBD oil is a better alternative than CBD isolate, ensuring you get the full synergistic benefits of all the cannabinoids and terpenes in the hemp plant.
  • 100% natural products. CBDpure CBD oils do not use any flavors or other additives, except for hemp oil, which is used as a carrier oil.
  • Available in 3 different strengths: this brand’s CBD oil comes in 300mg, 600mg, and 1000mg. There is an option for everyone, from beginner to more advanced users.

CBDPure has a solid reputation within the CBD industry, but there are a couple of drawbacks to buying their products too. Here’s the page for latest CBDpure coupon codes.

Here’s a summary of both the good and the not-so-good:


  • 100& organic, natural CBD oil
  • Third-party tested for quality, purity, and consistency
  • Available in 3 different potencies: 300mg, 600mg, 1000mg
  • Free shipping available within the US
  • Great 90-day returns and refunds policy


  • On the somewhat pricier side
  • Ships only within the US, Canada, and the UK
  • No flavored versions available

Customer Experience

Thousands of people have used CBDpure CBD oils, and there are a multitude of reviews available online, the majority positive, but some customers had complained that they wanted a stronger potency.

The brand used to carry only 300mg and 600mg versions but recently added the extra-strength 1000mg, addressing that problem. Apart from that, users are generally happy, commenting that this oil has helped them solve their insomnia and anxiety-related problems.

Most people seem to prefer the 600mg, adding that it delivers the best value for money and is potent enough to produce results for the average user.

#4 Nuleaf Naturals Full Spectrum Oil: Most Potent Product

4 Nuleaf naturals

Founded by natural plant medicine aficionados in 2014, Nuleaf Naturals is one of the pioneer companies in the CBD industry in the US. The brand’s focus is to provide quality, accessible CBD to help people improve their health and wellness.

It is a brand that has stood the test of time, with thousands of consumers trusting it to supply them the best quality CBD for their needs. Their CBD oil is 100% pure, with the only addition being organic hemp oil as a carrier.

This brand applies the best manufacturing practices, aiming for strict quality control right from the beginning. Their hemp is locally grown in Colorado and is monitored all the way from farm through processing and packaging.

  • 100% organic, Colorado-grown grown hemp ensures the brand has control over the entire manufacturing process, starting right at the hemp farm.
  • Third-party testing by an independent lab means you can trust the quality of what you’re buying. All results are openly published on the company’s website for anyone to access.
  • The brand uses a whole-plant extract, resulting in a broad-spectrum oil that contains CBD and all the other cannabinoids and terpenes in the hemp plant for a full, synergistic effect.
  • Only natural ingredients used with no additives. Nuleaf Naturals CBD oils don’t contain anything except the CBD itself and organic hemp oil as a carrier. There are no flavors, colorants, or preservatives of any kind.
  • It comes in 5 different potencies, creating an excellent range for every type of CBD user. Nuleaf Naturals CBD oil is available in 300mg, 900mg, 1800mg, 3000mg, and 6000mg, which is one of the strongest available on the market.

Nuleaf Naturals is a reliable CBD brand that can be trusted to deliver quality and consistency every single time, which is why it is still going strong since 2015. Here’s a page for the latest Nuleaf Naturals coupon code.

There are a couple of reasons it may not be your first choice, though, so let’s take a look at the best features as well as the cons.


  • 100% organic, Colorado-grown hemp is used
  • Tested for quality and consistency by an independent third-party lab
  • Broad-spectrum CBD for a full, synergistic effect
  • Five different CBD oil strengths to choose from
  • Free shipping within the US
  • International shipping available to over 40 countries


  • No flavored options available
  • Weak returns and refunds policy
  • Premium prices

Customer Experience

There are literally hundreds of reviews on Nuleaf Naturals CBD oil available. Most are overwhelmingly positive, with users saying the brand’s products may be pricier than some others, but the quality is well worth the extra buck.

Many people have found relief from insomnia, stress, and chronic pain using Nuleaf Naturals CBD oil. Those that need large doses really appreciate the extra-strong 6000mg version.

People new to CBD have found that with this brand, even 300mg is strong enough to produce results, unlike with other brands where you need to buy at least 600mg to get any effects.

#5 Joy Organics CBD Oil: THC Free CBD Products

5 Joy organics

Founded and run by a family, Joy Organics is a brand dedicated to producing premium quality CBD. Their focus is on producing the best in the industry, and they deliver as promised.

The manufacturing process is strictly monitored from beginning to end, from seed to shelf. The brand uses only the best quality hemp and tests it at several different stages of the extraction process to ensure it adheres to the strictest quality standards.

The customer service with Joy Organics is just as outstanding as the product itself. The customer care staff is friendly and efficient, answering questions and resolving any issues with minimum hassle.

The only reason that Joy Organics doesn’t make it to the top of our list is their equally premium price tags. But if it’s within your budget, you’ll be getting the best quality CBD available on the market today.

  • 100% organic Colorado-grown hemp is used. Industrial-quality hemp grown on certified Colorado hemp farms is an assurance of the purest and most potent CBD extract later on.
  • Broad-spectrum, THC-free CBD oil. The CBD oil from Joy Organics is made from a whole-plant extract, meaning it contains all the terpenes and cannabinoids in the hemp plant, not just CBD, for a fuller, more potent effect. There is, however, no THC, so you won’t be experiencing a high.
  • Independent third-party lab test results for every batch of CBD are available on the brand’s website. All their CBD is tested multiple times in-house but also sent out for independent analysis to ensure premium quality and purity.
  • Organic and natural ingredients only. This CBD oil doesn’t contain any useless filler ingredients that would cut down on the potency.
  • Flavored CBD oils are available. It is an excellent alternative for anybody that doesn’t like the natural taste and smell of CBD oil. Besides the natural, unflavored version, you can get CBD oil in mint, lemon, and orange flavors.
  • Four different strengths are available. Joy Organics offers CBD oils in a total of 4 different strengths, ranging from just 225mg per bottle for beginners to a much more potent 1350mg per bottle.

Joy Organics is a brand that has two main goals: ensuring their products are 100% organic and the best possible quality. It is a product we can whole-heartedly recommend to anyone looking for a top-notch CBD oil, but there are a couple of things to keep in mind. You can bookmark this Joy Organics coupon page for latest discounts.


  • 100% organic CBD oil
  • Premium quality
  • Broad-spectrum CBD oil
  • THC-free
  • Flavored options available
  • Comes in 4 different potencies
  • Free shipping within the US
  • Great 30-day money-back policy


  • Premium price tag
  • Does not ship internationally

Customer Experience

Joy Organics may be expensive, but that is about the only complaint you can find with users of this brand’s CBD oil. People have left raving reviews for this brand’s CBD oil, saying there is no better value for money in terms of how effective the product is.

Many users buy this CBD oil to help them deal with sleep and anxiety problems, but some use it just for the overall supportive effects it has on their wellbeing.

A few have noted that the lowest potency of 225mg may not be enough for those who don’t respond to CBD quickly.

CBD for Sleep

CBD is just one of the over 100 cannabinoids present in the hemp plant. Unlike THC, it is not psychoactive and doesn’t have any mind-altering effects.

CBD works by interacting with our endocannabinoid systems. It has been used in the holistic medicine world for centuries, but modern science does not yet fully understand CBD, and there is a lot of research going on.

Results to date show that CBD can have several beneficial effects, such as alleviating chronic joint and muscle pain due to inflammation, relief from anxiety, and, of course, relief from insomnia.

Benefits of CBD Oil

CBD oil is becoming more and more popular with people everywhere, and with good reason.

  • Can offer relief from stress and anxiety
  • Can help with chronic pain and inflammation
  • Can help improve quality of sleep
  • Doesn’t require a prescription in most of the US and many other countries
  • Is legal in most of the US, and increasingly many other places

Potential Side Effects of CBD Oil

Many people are able to use CBD oil without experiencing any adverse side effects, but not all.

You may find yourself experiencing a few, although in many cases they are not acute enough to cause any severe problems.

However, research on CBD is still ongoing, and it is not approved for any medical purposes by the FDA, so take care when using it.

Potential side effectsinclude:

  • Drowsiness and a feeling of lethargy
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Tiredness or fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Changes in weight or appetite
  • Low blood pressure

If you experience any severe side effects or have any other cause for concern, immediately discontinue using CBD oil and get advice from your doctor.

Do not use CBD oil if:

  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • You have a medical condition that CBD may worsen.
  • You are on medication that using CBD can interfere with

How to Use CBD Oil for Sleep?

CBD oil is meant to be taken orally, not heated, or combusted in any way. Most people get the best results by taking it a couple of hours before they expect to go to bed.

To get the best results, you need to use the dropper to measure out your desired dosage and hold it under your tongue for about 30 seconds.

You can take CBD on an empty stomach if you want the results a little bit faster, but it will be just as effective even if you take it together with or after your meal.

If you find you don’t like the natural taste of CBD or hemp oil in general, consider going for one of the flavored alternatives. They’ll still give you the CBD you’re looking for, but its taste will be masked by something else, making it more palatable.

CBD Dosage for Sleep

When it comes to dosage, there are no rules set in stone. Different people process CBD differently: some require more to get any kind of results, others need much less.

It also heavily depends on what condition you’re using CBD for and its severity. If, for example, you normally sleep well but have had a restless night or two for some reason, you may not need as much CBD to get results as someone chronically suffering from insomnia.

The best way to go about figuring out the right dosage for yourself is to start low and gradually build up if necessary.

If you’re new to CBD oil, you can try a lower potency product on a minimal dosage of one drop. Give it a couple of weeks, and if you’re not getting the results you need, you can up it two or three drops and see what happens after another few days.

Keep experimenting until you find your sweet spot because it really is different for everybody. It may take as much as 3-4 weeks before you get the results you need from your CBD oil.

CBD Oil for Sleep: Buying Guide

There are quite a few things to consider when looking at which CBD oil to buy. There are obvious considerations of quality and price, and you’ll be looking for the most potent and reliable CBD oil at the best possible price.

But it doesn’t stop at that. There are a few other things to consider, as well.

How Potent Is The CBD Oil?

Some CBD oils are more potent than others. If you’re new to CBD or generally need very little to get results, a lower potency may work well.

If, on the other hand, your condition is more severe, or you naturally need more CBD to experience any effects, then a higher potency oil will be more convenient and give you the desired results with fewer drops.

Cbd Oil Flavor

Some people have no problem with the natural taste and smell of CBD and hemp oil, while others can’t stand it. Thankfully, some brands offer CBD oils that come with added natural flavors to mask the CBD.

If you find you don’t like the taste of CBD, it may be a good idea to opt for a flavored oil that better suits your palate.

Broad-Spectrum, Full-Spectrum, Or Isolate?

CBD oils can come as isolates, meaning they don’t contain anything except the CBD itself.

They can also come as full-spectrum oils containing all the cannabinoids and terpenes from the hemp plant, including THC.

Broad-spectrum CBD oil is exactly like full-spectrum, with one significant difference: it is free of THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid. Free in the industry-standard refers to less than 0.3% THC.

If you want to avoid any mind-altering effects, then you should go for either broad-spectrum or CBD isolate. If that is not a consideration, then a full-spectrum oil can work for you as well.

Does It Ship To Your Destination? Are Returns Accepted?

Another important consideration is whether the brand ships to your area or not, and how affordable that shipping is. Some offer free shipping; others don’t. Some ship only within the States, others include some international destinations as well.

And if you’re trying a CBD brand for the first time, take a good look at their returns and refunds policy. The top CBD brands offer reasonable return policies, giving you at least 30 days to try the product and get a refund if it doesn’t work for you.


  • Can CBD Oil Help With Insomnia?

CBD is still a hot research topic, and there is a lot we don’t know about it. But some studies suggest that CBD oil can help relieve stress, anxiety, and insomnia as well. People also use CBD oil to help reduce chronic pain and inflammation.

  • Is CBD Oil Safe to Use?

Most people do not experience any severe side effects from using CBD oil. However, CBD is not yet thoroughly researched, so you should first speak to your doctor if you are on medication or have a medical condition before using CBD.

  • Is CBD Oil Legal?

It depends on where you happen to live. CBD is currently legalized in most of the US, and more and more other countries are joining the list of places where CBD is free for general use. However, to avoid legal problems, always crosscheck with your local authorities first.

  • Are There Any Side Effects of Using CBD Oil?

CBD is generally well-tolerated, but side effects are possible. They are usually relatively mild and include changes in appetite, lowered blood pressure, a dry mouth, drowsiness, and fatigue.

If you experience any severe side effects, discontinue use immediately and consult your doctor for advice.

  • How Long Do I Need To Use CBD Oil to Get Results?

Different people process CBD differently. The severity of the condition you are trying to treat with CBD also matters. Some people start seeing results within a week or so while others may take as long as 2-3 weeks to start getting noticeable results.

  • How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?

Again, this depends on you as an individual and the severity of the condition you want to treat using CBD oil. We would recommend starting with a lower dosage and gradually upping it until you get to the ideal point.

  • Will CBD Oil Show Up on A Drug Test?

That depends mostly on whether the CBD oil contains any THC or not. In most cases, if a CBD isolate or broad-spectrum oil is labeled THC-free and has less than 0.3% THC, it should not show up on a drug test with short-term or intermittent use.

However, if you use the product frequently, or if the drug test simply looks for all cannabinoids and doesn’t differentiate THC, then you may end up testing positive. You may also test positive if you take the test very soon after taking a THC-free CBD oil.

Conclusion: Should You use CBD Oil for Sleep?

Sleep deprivation can make both your professional and personal life a nightmare. CBD oil may be a great, natural way to deal with stress, anxiety, and insomnia, and improve the quality of your life.

Many people have found relief from CBD oil, which is an excellent alternative to prescription drugs that often come with undesirable side effects.

Best CBD Oil for Sleep & Insomnia [2021 Update]

Our top recommendation is Fab CBD oil, but you can check our top 5 list for other quality CBD oil options as well.

Our top 5 CBD oils for sleep issues.

Best CBD for Sleep (Lab-Tested Oils)

Best CBD for Sleep (Lab-Tested Oils)

To truly get the most out of life, a person needs to be able to get a good night’s sleep, which has led many to wonder if there is anything behind the idea of CBD for sleep improvement.

According to the American Sleep Apnea Association, an estimated 50 to 70 million people in the United States spanning all ages and socioeconomic classes suffer from sleeplessness. Both men and women are impacted by sleep disturbances, and according to The American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Sleep Research Society, adults aged 18-60 years old need at least seven hours of sleep each night to realize optimal health and well-being.

Ultimately, when a person does not get the sleep they need they run the risk of developing many chronic health conditions, including high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease, obesity, diabetes, and other mental health issues. Therefore, a person must develop good sleep practices and implement strategies both during the day and before bed that will allow them to get the sleep they need to have a great life.

In this article, we will explore why Americans have problems sleeping, discuss strategies for improving sleep, and most importantly investigate the role that CBD for sleep improvement could play in helping people achieve a healthy sleep cycle.

Our Top CBD Oils for Sleep

Each product featured here has been independently selected by the writer. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn commission.

  • Strongest CBD Oil for Sleep – Spruce CBD Oil
  • Best for Sleep Specifically – CBDistillery CBN + CBD Oil
  • Best for Calming and Sleep – Plant People CBN Oil
  • Best Certified Organic – Cornbread Hemp Whole Flower CBD Oil
  • Best Tasting Oil – R+R Medicinals CBD Tincture

How We Picked the Best CBD Oils for Sleep

For the sake of this article, the source and quality of the CBD oils that we will discuss were properly vetted. All recommended products were derived from industrial hemp grown in the United States and contains under 0.3% THC, which is required by law. Additionally, all products have been tested by third-party labs to ensure their quality and safety.

When reviewing CBD brands and products, we focus on six major factors:

  • Value — is the brand’s CBD oil affordable compared to similar products?
  • Strength — how much CBD and what type of CBD does their oil contain?
  • Source — where does the company source their hemp and how is the CBD extracted?
  • Flavor — does the product come in any flavors and do they flavor them naturally?
  • Transparency — do they offer third-party lab test results and information about each batch of CBD?
  • Customer experience — what do customer have to say about the product and purchasing experience?

Using these standards we were able to select the best CBD oils for sleep. Learn more about our choices below.

Spruce CBD Oil

spruce cbd oil


  • $89.00 for 750 mg and $269.00 for 2400 mg.
  • Offered in 750 mg with 25 mg of CBD per dropper and 2400 mg with 80 mg of CBD per dropper.
  • The tinctures are full-spectrum, made in the United States, lab grade, organic, contain no pesticides, and are third-party tested.
  • The 750 mg comes in peppermint flavor and the 2400 mg option has no flavoring added.
  • Spruce CBD is a family-owned and operated brand, and they ship to all 50 states.

Why buy: We like that this CBD oil comes in extra strength for powerful relief from sleeplessness.

CBDistillery CBN + CBD Sleep Tincture

  • $60.00 for 150mg of CBN and 450mg of CBD.
  • All products are non-GMO and made from natural farming practices.
  • CBDistillery also has sleep gummies that are gluten-free, allergen-free, vegan, non-GMO, and kosher.

Why buy: We like that this oil is specifically formulated for sleep. Additionally, this brand is a good choice for a CBD consumer who wants a full spectrum oil geared toward a particular cannabinoid blend, like CBN.

Plant People CBN Oil

  • $49.99 for 360 mg bottle, $78.99 for a 720 mg bottle, and $119.99 for a 1440 mg bottle.
  • The 360 mg bottle contains 12 mg of CBD per serving, the 720 mg bottle contains 24 mg of CBD per serving, and the 1400 mg bottle contains 48 mg of CBD per serving.
  • The Drops+ Sleep tincture is organic, vegan, non-GMO, lab-tested, gluten-free, Dr. Formulated, CGMP standard, and aligns with a Keto diet.
  • It contains the cannabinoids CBD and CBN, as well as terpenes, including Myrcene, which also promotes healthy sleep.

Why buy: We like that this product not only helps improve sleep, but it also calms the mind and body, reduces stress, and promotes an inflammatory response to soothe muscles and promote recovery.

Cornbread Hemp Whole Flower CBD Oil

  • $35 for a 375 mg bottle, $65 for a 750 mg bottle, and $110 for a 1500 mg bottle.
  • The 375 mg and 750 mg bottles contains 25 mg of CBD per serving, and the 1500 mg bottle contains 50 mg of CBD per serving.
  • This tincture is USDA organic, vegan, gluten-free, non-GMO, and third-party lab tested.
  • It contains higher levels of naturally-occurring cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids than more processed oils.

R+R Medicinals CBD Tincture

  • $27 for a 500 mg bottle, $47 for a 1000 mg bottle, and $97 for a 2500 mg bottle.
  • The 500 mg bottle contains 16.67 mg of CBD per serving, the 1000 mg bottle contains 33.33 mg of CBD per serving, and the 2500 mg bottle contains 41.67 mg of CBD per serving.
  • This full spectrum CBD oil tincture is USDA-certified organic and contains over 2 mg of minor cannabinoids.
  • CBD extracted from Colorado-grown hemp using a supercritical CO2 method to retain more plant compounds.

Why buy: We like that this oil includes a natural mint flavor, and is loaded with additional phytonutrients, terpenes, antioxidants, and flavonoids to give you the full benefits of the entourage effect for a calming night’s sleep.

Why is Sleep Important?

Sleep plays an important role in your mental and physical health. When you have a healthy sleep cycle, your body and mind are able to engage in many restorative processes including healing and repairing cognitive and cardiac functions. Even though you may be dreaming, your body is actively working, boosting your immune system, fighting inflammation, regulating digestive processes, and so much more.

Without healthy sleep, one’s body will not be able to effectively fight off diseases and the brain cannot function properly. This not only leads to physical health issues but also can result in a lack of concentration and clear thinking as well as impediments when trying to process and retain memories.

Sleep problems can also break down the circadian rhythm. For instance, light directly impacts this process. Inside the brain, there is a region of nerve cells called the hypothalamus. Within the hypothalamus is a cell cluster called the suprachiasmatic nucleus. Here signals are processed when the eyes are exposed to natural or artificial light, which helps the brain identify whether it is day or night. When natural light dissipates in the evening, melatonin, a natural hormone, is released in the body, which is why you feel drowsy as the night wears on.

In the morning, as you near your wake cycle, cortisol, another hormone, is released, which helps you feel alert and ready for the day. This is the basis of a healthy sleep cycle, and when it is disrupted, or if your body doesn’t produce the natural hormones it needs to regulate this cycle, then you may find yourself suffering for shut-eye.

Common Causes of Sleep Loss

Poor sleep can be caused by many different factors, including chronic pain, stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, and anxiety. Financial and relationship worries can be culprits as well.

However, as we noted, CBD not only has the potential for helping as a sleep aid and improving sleep quality but also can mitigate and manage anxiety and assist with pain relief through its anti-inflammation properties.

Impacts of Insomnia

Insomnia is a serious sleep disorder that can be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term). While it is incredibly common and can cause a person to have problems falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking far too early, the fact is, insomnia can drastically impact your energy level, your work performance, your quality of life, and has the potential to cause negative physical and mental health outcomes. Insomnia can be caused by stress, work and travel schedules, diet and exercise habits, too much screentime, life events such as divorce, job loss, and grief, medications, and more.

According to the Mayo Clinic, chronic insomnia can result in many of the health conditions we have referenced, including heart disease, diabetes, obesity, etc., and can also cause depression and anxiety.

Many people who have insomnia turn to self-medicating in the form of alcohol and drug abuse because they believe it will help them get to sleep, or they turn to over-the-counter pills and pharmaceuticals, which can be habit-forming and addictive.

Right now, one in four Americans develops insomnia annually, according to Science Daily. However, insomnia remains the most prevalent sleep disorder in the United States, and 40 million Americans suffer from chronic insomnia.

Can CBD Help Improve Your Sleep?

If you feel like your sleep cycle has been completely thrown out of whack, it could be time to look for help in getting back to normal. Even though you may feel tired, you may still be in a position where sleep alludes you, and it is likely because your body is overloaded with stress hormones and cortisol, which is what is keeping you awake. This is where CBD for sleep might offer a solution.

Cannabidiol, also known by the acronym CBD, has received much attention recently for its potential to help with a wide range of ailments, including anxiety, mood enhancement, and more. Another area it could assist with is its ability to induce sleepiness and help you get a good night’s rest.

According to a 2019 study published in The Permanente Journal on behalf of the National Institutes of Health, CBD was examined for its efficacy in not only treating anxiety problems and post-traumatic stress disorder but also sleep disorders. The results of the study displayed that the patients treated through the use of CBD over the course of three months saw an improvement in their sleep cycles, as well as a lessening of their anxiety and other mental anguish. Administered in doses of 25 mg of CBD, the cannabidiol was well received. Side effects were minimal and typically related to daytime sleepiness on higher doses of CBD.

It is believed that CBD can improve sleep processes because it triggers the body’s endocannabinoid system, a biological system that is comprised of endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes that regulate a variety of bodily functions, including sleep, memory, appetite, and mood.

Phytocannabinoids like CBD have the potential to interact on an indirect basis with cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system, thereby encouraging the body to sleep as well as regulate other hormones that contribute to sleep loss.

How to Choose the Best CBD for Sleep

If you are interested in CBD for sleep quality improvement, then it is important to do your research and realize that not all CBD tinctures are created equal.

In order to feel confident knowing that you purchased a high-quality CBD product, only buy from a brand that engages in accredited, third-party lab testing and subsequently publishes its lab reports on its website. You must be able to see that what is on the label of your CBD oil actually is validated through testing processes.

This also ensures that the CBD oil is free of toxins, including pesticides, heavy metals, microbials, and solvents, and contains the concentration of CBD, terpenes, and other cannabinoids and plant parts that it claims.

Additionally, if you are buying a CBD product specifically to improve sleep quality, then you may want to consider a full-spectrum CBD tincture as opposed to a broad-spectrum or CBD isolate product. We find that many people note that they have a better experience with full-spectrum because it has a broad range of cannabinoids that work together. This creates synergy and effectively triggers the endocannabinoid system.

Finally, also consider specifically purchasing a product that contains melatonin, which is a natural hormone that regulates sleep alongside wakefulness. Boosting this particular hormone, which is already found in your body, can truly improve your sleep-wake cycle.

Should I Try CBD for Sleep?

In conclusion, there is no denying that we live in stressful times and because of that many people in the United States are experiencing problems with achieving healthy sleep patterns. However, there is no need to suffer through another night tossing and turning. CBD for sleep is proven to help regulate sleep cycles, promote restful sleep, and could assist with a variety of other medical conditions.

Just keep in mind that since CBD oil is not regulated by the FDA, you must do your due diligence. If you are considering introducing CBD for sleep quality improvement in your life, consult with a doctor if you have any existing medical conditions prior to beginning use.

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Dolphin ‘Stampede’ Spotted Off SoCal Coast

Tourists on a whale-watching boat of the California coast were treated to a marvel of marine life last month: a dolphin “stampede!”

That word for the phenomenon was coined by Dana Point Whale Watching, who posted a Youtube video of hundreds to thousands of common dolphins swimming in one direction March 19.

“This is pretty phenomenal,” a voice can be heard exclaiming in the footage.

The tour company, which has operated out of the Orange County city that gives it its name for the last 50 years, kept pace with the massing dolphins for around four hours, HuffPost reported.

“The dolphins take off so fast they turn up the water making it white water,” the tour company wrote in the video description. “You can hear them swimming through the rushing water. They are so graceful even in the frenzied behavior and we are so amazed to see them right of[f] our coast.”

A large group of dolphins is actually known as a super or mega pod, according to HuffPost. The marine mammals usually travel in pods of 200 or fewer. But sometimes, they merge when food concentrates in a single area.

This isn’t the first time the phenomenon has been recorded. One of the most spectacular instances was in 2013, when as many as 100,000 dolphins were spotted off the San Diego coast, as NBC 7 San Diego reported at the time. The superpod covered a five by seven mile stretch of ocean.

“They’re definitely social animals, they stick together in small groups,” Marine mammal expert Sarah Wilkin told NBC7 San Diego at the time. “But sometimes, the schools come together.”

What is unique to Dana Point Whale Watching is their word choice. Some commenters objected to the term dolphin stampede.

“‘Stampede’ is a poor description,” one Youtube commenter wrote. “It implies that this is a panicked, clumsy mass movement of animals. I have driven in a boat through a super-pod such as this, and these animals are anything but that. They are graceful and controlled. It’s a beautiful thing to see.”

However, most internet users were just grateful for the sight. The video went “viral” with around 25,000 views and more than 400 likes as of Monday, The Hill reported. As of Tuesday, the number of views had nearly doubled to 45,625.

As the tour company wrote on Instagram, “Who doesn’t love a dolphin stampede!”

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Amazon’s Prime Example of Labor Law Violations

Amazon illegally fired two employees after they publicly criticized the company for its lack of action on climate change and its failure to protect warehouse workers from the novel coronavirus, the National Labor Relations Board determined.

Emily Cunningham and Maren Costa were highly visible members of the small group of Amazon employees who in 2018 called for Amazon to do more to address climate change, and eventually got 8,700 colleagues to sign on to their efforts. They were fired last April, not long after their group of about 400 employees spoke out, in intentional and public violation of Amazon’s tightened down internal policies clamping down on employee criticism.

Cunningham and Costa allege they were fired in retaliation for their activism. If they and Amazon do not settle the case, the NLRB will accuse Amazon of unfair labor practices and the case will go before an administrative law judge. Also this week, the NLRB will be counting votes to see if Amazon’s 6,000 Alabama warehouse employees will unionize, a potentially major change for the company’s notoriously exploitative labor practices.

For a deeper dive:

(NLRB determination: New York Times, AP, Reuters; Amazon policy change: Earther; Union vote: New York Times,

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Dolphin ‘Stampede’ Spotted Off SoCal Coast
Sea Level Rise Is Killing Trees on the Atlantic Coast, Creating ‘Ghost Forests’ Visible From Space
Renewable Energy Smashes Records in 2020
Wisconsin Declares State of Emergency Due to High Wildfire Risk

Wisconsin Gov. Tony Evers declared a state of emergency on Monday due to heightened wildfire risk.

The state’s wildfire season got an early start thanks to an early snow melt, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reported. So far this year, more than 320 fires have scorched more than 1,500 acres, nearly reaching the total of 1,630.13 acres that were burned in all of 2020, according to the declaration.

“With nearly the entire state experiencing high or very high fire risk, protecting Wisconsinites from the destructive dangers of wildfires is a top priority,” Evers said when announcing the order, according to the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

The emergency order gives the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR), which usually handles firefighting in the state, additional resources. It will now receive support from other state agencies, as well as the Wisconsin National Guard and their Black Hawk helicopters, the DNR noted in a press release.

The announcement comes three days after brush fire erupted in Menomonee Falls, forcing some people to evacuate their homes, WISN reported. The fires burned 400 acres of marshland, the largest single burn so far this year, but luckily all of the homes were spared. Only a deer stand burned down.

However, the dry and windy conditions that fueled those fires are expected to persist in the state, leading Evers to declare an emergency.

“[B]ased upon weather predictions from the National Weather Service, Wisconsin will experience a period of warmer temperatures, lower humidity, and high winds that can quickly ignite wildland and create rapidly spreading fires,” the order read.

Dry leaves and grass are also fueling the flames, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reported. The majority of counties are at high risk for fire, NBC News reported, and the DNR has suspended annual burning permits while asking people to avoid setting fires.

“To help us keep Wisconsinites safe, the DNR is asking you to avoid all outdoor burning including limiting the use of campfires and making sure to extinguish and dispose of cigarettes properly,” the DNR said in its press release.

While wildfires can occur in Wisconsin any time of the year, the primary season runs from March until May, The New York Times reported. The state’s wildfire risk may also be increasing because of the climate crisis. The group Climate Power 2020 told the Wisconsin Examiner that wildfires were becoming more common. While high humidity usually lessens fire risk, Wisconsin experienced two climate-related droughts between 2009 and 2016 that cost $45.9 billion in damages, and future droughts could increase fire danger.

Nationwide, the climate crisis is certainly driving fire risk; 2020 alone brought a devastating wildfire season to the Western U.S., NBC noted. However, this spring wildfires have taken off in the Upper Plains, Rockies, Great Lakes and Southwest.

“Fire season can be at any time,” Bureau of Land Management Spokesperson Carrie Bilbao told NBC News. “We just don’t really have those wet seasons consistently anymore.”

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Food Apartheid: Racialized Access to Healthy Affordable Food

By Nina Sevilla

Food insecurity rates have skyrocketed during the COVID-19 pandemic, but even before March 2020, many Americans already faced challenges accessing healthy and affordable food.

“Food desert” has become a common term to describe low-income communities — often communities of color — where access to healthy and affordable food is limited or where there are no grocery stores. Living in Tucson, Arizona, in the Sonoran Desert, taught me that despite its common usage, “food desert” is an inaccurate and misleading term that pulls focus from the underlying root causes of the lack of access to healthy food in communities. The language we use to describe the issues can inspire solutions, so we should follow the lead of food justice leaders who urge us to reconceptualize “food deserts” as “food apartheid” by focusing on creating food sovereignty through community-driven solutions and systemic change.

The term “food desert” emerged in the 1970s and 80s, but in the past decade has really caught on, and is now a common concept in economic and public health fields. The racial demographics of the areas described by this term are most often Black and Latino. When comparing communities with similar poverty rates, Black and Latino neighborhoods tend to have fewer supermarkets that offer a variety of produce and healthy foods, and have more small retail (i.e. convenience and liquor) stores that have fewer produce options than in predominantly white neighborhoods.

Despite its prevalence, the term “food desert” has come under scrutiny for two reasons:

  1. It obscures the vibrant life and food systems in these communities.
  2. It implies that these areas are naturally occurring.

Sonoran Desert. Bob Wick / Bureau of Land Management

First, the word “desert” typically conjures up dramatic images of vast arid landscapes with little to no vegetation and water. Common uses of the word describe the absence of life or activity, but most deserts are full of adapted plants and have sustained human and animal populations for centuries. I fell into the trap of this misconception when I moved to Tucson. I thought it was going to be devoid of all life, but when I got there, I realized that the Sonoran Desert in Arizona, like most deserts, can be quite abundant, especially when they have the right resources.

Using the word “desert” to imply a location’s inferiority as a desolate place writes off the people who live there, as well as the flora and fauna that are actually present in deserts. The term “food desert” obscures the presence of community and backyard gardens, farmer’s markets, food businesses, and other food sharing activities that exist in these areas. As farmer and activist Karen Washington points out, “food desert” is an outsider term, used by people who do not actually live in these areas. She says, “Number one, people will tell you that they do have food. Number two, people in the ‘hood have never used that term. When we’re talking about these places, there is so much life and vibrancy and potential. Using that word runs the risk of preventing us from seeing all of those things.”

Students harvest vegetables from a school garden. State Farm via Flickr

Second, by using the term “desert” one is implying that food deserts are naturally occurring. Deserts are classified by amount of precipitation an area receives, so they are dictated by weather patterns — forces beyond human control. Though increasing desertification due to climate change is exacerbated by human activities, for the most part, deserts are naturally occurring. Food deserts, in contrast, are not naturally occurring. They are the result of systematic racism and oppression in the form of zoning codes, lending practices, and other discriminatory policies rooted in white supremacy. Using the term desert implies that the lack of healthy and affordable food is somehow naturally occurring and obscures that it is the direct result of racially discriminatory policies and systematic disinvestment in these communities.

Building more grocery stores won’t necessarily make things better. Sometimes grocery stores are unaffordable to their surrounding communities. Sociologists have started using the term “food mirage” to describe the phenomenon when there are places to buy food, but they are too expensive for the neighborhood. And, as Karen Washington and research from Johns Hopkins University highlight, people who live in the places labeled “food deserts” most of the time do have food, but often the food they can afford is fast food or junk food. People who work in public health have come up with another term for areas with easier access to fast food and junk food than to healthier food: “food swamps.” Rather than simply building grocery stores, some of these communities need stable jobs and a livable wage to change their access to healthier food.

A Home Owners’ Loan Corporation (HOLC) redlining map from the 1930’s that labeled “hazardous” majority Black areas of Nashville, Tennessee in red. HOLC

Swamp, desert, mirage. all these sound like places to stay away from. Language is important and using these terms prevents us from naming and addressing the root causes and making systemic change. Many groups are now using the term “food apartheid” to correctly highlight the how racist policies shaped these areas and led to limited access to healthy food. Apartheid is a system of institutional racial segregation and discrimination, and these areas are food apartheids because they too are created by racially discriminatory policies. Using the term “apartheid” focuses our examination on the intersectional root causes that created low-income and low food access areas, and importantly, points us towards working for structural change to address these root causes.

Corona Farmers Market, Queens, New York City. Preston Keres / USDA

Getting at the root causes is not a small task — naming them is the first step, and there are many different routes to take from there. Fortunately, there are many organizations already working on different aspects of addressing food apartheid, from building alternative food system models to providing ideas for policy reform. Organizations like The Ron Finley Project, the Detroit Black Community Food Security Network, and Whitelock Community Farm are strengthening regional food systems through urban and small-scale farming. SÜPRMARKT, Mandela Grocery, and other nonprofits are creating affordable, organic grocery stores, and re-thinking the grocery store model through co-ops. HEAL Food Alliance offers a comprehensive policy platform to address food apartheid root causes and build a better food system. As an example of transformative policy change, the Navajo Nation passed a tax on unhealthy food to fund community health initiatives in 2014. Ultimately, strong policies are necessary to ensure that no neighborhood experiences food apartheid and to redistribute power to remove systems of oppression.

A major component of power is economic capital — a reparations map maintained by Soul Fire Farm offers an easy way to start supporting efforts across the U.S. to more fairly allocate land and money and work toward repairing historical inequities based on race. In addition to economic capital, power is also control over your decisions and the choices you make. To address this, movements of food sovereignty seek to bring power back to the people. The Declaration of Nyéléni asserts that food sovereignty is the right of all people to design and influence their own food systems and the right to healthy, culturally appropriate, and sustainably-produced food.

The food sovereignty movement and the phrase “food sovereignty” were created by La Via Campesina, the largest international peasant movement. The term and movement have since expanded across the globe and into urban areas. I have encountered the term used to describe urban farming in large cities, like Baltimore, and to describe indigenous peoples reclaiming their native foodways. I have also heard people question if food sovereignty is the right term to cover these vast topics. I believe the words we choose help us see the way forward and if we are serious about transformative change, we should explore food sovereignty seriously.

In a similar way that using the term “food apartheid” can help us identify and address the root causes of the geographies that lack access to healthy food, highlighting “food sovereignty” as a call to action directly addresses the power dynamics at play in the food system. This term focuses the lens on how our modern, globalized food system does not value the rights of peasant and small-scale farmers anywhere and how in most cases the major decisionmakers are multinational corporations. The organization A Growing Culture says “there is no genuine food security without food sovereignty.” They continue, “We must stop seeing food security as the pathway to eradicating hunger. It reduces food to an economic commodity, when food is the basis of culture, of life itself. Food sovereignty is the pathway to imagining something fundamentally different.”

As we look forward and imagine a fundamentally different system that nourishes all people and the planet, we have a wealth of knowledge and examples to draw upon, as well as rich terminology to describe the challenges communities are facing and our goals for the future. Any efforts to achieve — and ways we discuss — a better, more equitable, food system should address root causes, redistribute power, and be guided by people with lived experience in food apartheids. Food security is more than proximity to a grocery store; it should be about food sovereignty — the right of all people to have a say in how their food is grown and the right to fresh, affordable, and culturally appropriate food.

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Live Animal Markets Should Be Closed to Prevent the Next Pandemic

By Reynard Loki

The exact origin of the coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2, which started the COVID-19 pandemic, is still unclear. Early reports suggested that the virus jumped from an animal to a human at Wuhan’s Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, a “wet market” that sells live animals. On March 30, the international team of scientists assembled by the World Health Organization (WHO) published a report of their recent visit to Wuhan to investigate the source of the virus and confirmed the “zoonotic source of SARS-CoV-2.”

“Evidence from surveys and targeted studies so far have shown that the coronaviruses most highly related to SARS-CoV-2 are found in bats and pangolins, suggesting that these mammals may be the reservoir of the virus that causes COVID-19,” the WHO report states. “In addition to these findings, the high susceptibility of mink and cats to SARS-CoV- 2 suggests that additional species of animals may act as a potential reservoir. … Several samples from patients with exposure to the Huanan market had identical virus genomes, suggesting that they may have been part of a cluster.”

Virologists believe that these sites, which bring together a variety of live animals into close contact with humans, are ideal places for this sort of interspecies viral transmission. In 2002, for example, scientists identified the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus in Himalayan palm civets, a small mammal, in wet markets in Shenzhen in southern China. SARS-CoV-2 is a strain of SARS.

“While there remains a need for more investigation, we are not surprised about the wildlife origin referenced in the report and we know enough to act now to reduce risks of future zoonotic pandemics,” said Dr. Christian Walzer, chief global veterinarian of the Wildlife Conservation Society, in a press statement. “Some 60 percent of emerging infectious diseases reported globally are zoonoses, causing about 1 billion cases of human illness and millions of deaths every year. Of the more than 30 new human pathogens detected in the last three decades, 75 percent have originated in animals. Importantly, research has shown zoonotic-origin pathogens increase along the supply chain from source to market.”

Wet markets are “unique epicenters for transmission of potential viral pathogens, [where] new genes may be acquired or existing genes modified through various mechanisms such as genetic reassortment, recombination and mutation,” according to a paper written by a team of microbiologists from the University of Hong Kong and published in the journal Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases in 2006. They add that these markets, “at closer proximity to humans, with high viral burden or strains of higher transmission efficiency, facilitate transmission of the viruses to humans.”

“Once you walk into one of these places, it’s quite obvious why they’re called wet markets,” said Jason Beaubien, NPR’s global health and development correspondent, on the radio station’s “Morning Edition” show last year. “Live fish in open tubs are splashing water all over the place. The countertops of the stalls are red with blood as fish are gutted and filleted right in front of the customers’ eyes. There are live turtles and crustaceans climbing over each other in boxes. Melting ice adds to the slush on the floor. So things are wet.”

In January, Rep. Mike Quigley (D-IL) and Fred Upton (R-MI) reintroduced bipartisan legislation to address the public health risks posed by wildlife markets, called the Preventing Future Pandemics Act (H.R. 151). The bill “prohibits importing, exporting, purchasing, or selling live wild animals in the United States for human consumption as food or medicine.”

It also directs the Department of the Interior to “hire, train, and deploy at least 50 new U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service law enforcement attachés around the world.” Additionally, the bill obliges the United States to work with other members of the United Nations toward instituting a global ban on commercial wildlife markets and enforcement of wildlife trafficking laws. A companion bill, S. 37, was introduced into the Senate by Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ) and John Cornyn (R-TX).

“For the sake of our health, our economy, and our livelihoods, preventing the next pandemic before it starts is perhaps the most important thing we must do,” said Rep. Quigley. “We were thrilled with the robust, bipartisan support the bill received last year and we’re committed to building on that momentum to see this bill become law.”

In addition to their threat to public health, wet markets are sites of extreme pain and suffering for so many animals. “Wild animals sold in commercial wildlife markets endure extreme stress and unsanitary conditions before being slaughtered,” according to the Animal Legal Defense Fund, a nonprofit based in Cotati, California, that works to pass state and federal legislation supporting animal rights. “As the world continues to grapple with COVID-19, our continued exploitation of animals and our environment is fueling the next pandemic. Shutting down commercial wildlife markets—and the international wildlife trade—is critical both to reducing the risk of novel zoonotic disease and animal suffering.”

“We must acknowledge the basic tenet that the more we destroy and intrude on nature, the more likely zoonotic spillovers will occur,” said Dr. Walzer. “Zoonotic spillover events and subsequent outbreaks are inevitable, as the interfaces between wildlife and humans increase, primarily due to deforestation and agricultural expansion.”

The cruelty to animals witnessed at wet markets points to a deeper, ethical concern about how we view and treat other species. In November 2020, during an interview with Euronews, Jane Goodall, the renowned British primatologist and ethologist, said that “we, in part, brought [COVID-19] on ourselves by our disrespect of nature and our disrespect of animals.”

She added, “We push animals into closer contact with humans. We hunt them, eat them, traffic them, sell them as exotic pets around the world, we put them in factory farms in terrible close conditions and all these situations can lead to an environment where a pathogen, like a virus, can jump from an animal to a person, where it may cause a new disease like COVID-19.”

Reynard Loki is a writing fellow at the Independent Media Institute, where he serves as the editor and chief correspondent for Earth | Food | Life. He previously served as the environment, food and animal rights editor at AlterNet and as a reporter for Justmeans/3BL Media covering sustainability and corporate social responsibility. He was named one of FilterBuy’s Top 50 Health & Environmental Journalists to Follow in 2016. His work has been published by Yes! Magazine, Salon, Truthout,, EcoWatch and Truthdig, among others.

This article was produced by Earth | Food | Life, a project of the Independent Media Institute.

CBD makes for a good nights sleep. Here’s a few of our favorite, high-potency CBD oils—plus a couple with CBN added for a good night’s sleep.