Is CBD oil legal in Minnesota?
Copy article link to clipboard.
Link copied to clipboard.
- What is CBD?
- Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
- Minnesota CBD laws
- Where to buy CBD in Minnesota
- How to read CBD labels and packaging
CBD laws in Minnesota have been updated since the passage of the Hemp Farming Act of 2018. Although CBD products derived from hemp are widely available in Minnesota, it has been deemed illegal to market CBD products with the intention of preventing, curing, or treating diseases. .
Efforts to create regulatory frameworks around hemp and CBD are ongoing. The Minnesota Board of Pharmacy oversees all drug regulations, and thus is in charge of establishing rules for hemp-derived CBD products, in addition to medical marijuana products already on the market.
CBD products that meet the current labeling and testing requirements are permitted under state law. These products must still meet FDA criteria, however, which currently prohibits the sale of CBD in food or drink, and has yet to release official rules and regulations.
Medical marijuana was legalized in Minnesota in 2014, although the program is limited. CBD derived from cannabis is available for qualifying patients in liquid, capsule, or vaporized format. Adult-use cannabis is illegal.
What is CBD?
CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. After tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the plant, and has many potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety and seizure-suppressant properties. CBD can be sourced from both marijuana plants and hemp plants, which are legal in most countries as they contain minuscule amounts of THC.
Combine THC and CBD to fully employ the entourage effect; THC and CBD work hand-in-hand to amplify each others’ effects.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating substance found in cannabis. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
All types of cannabis, including hemp strains that don’t produce enough THC to cause intoxication, were considered illegal under the Federal Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The law categorized all cannabis as Schedule I, which defined the plant as a highly addictive substance with a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use.
The Hemp Farming Act of 2018l re-classified hemp as an agricultural commodity and made its cultivation federally legal. Further, the act removed some forms of cannabis from Schedule I status by creating a legal distinction between hemp and marijuana. Hemp is cannabis with less than .3% THC, and marijuana refers to cannabis with more than .3% THC. This distinction in federal law effectively legalized CBD that is derived from cannabis with less than .3% THC, as long as it has been cultivated according to federal and state regulations. The 2018 Farm Bill legislation does not mean that CBD derived from hemp is universally legal throughout the United States. According to the Farm Bill, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has the power to regulate CBD product labeling, including therapeutic claims and the use of CBD as a food additive.
The FDA has declared that hemp-derived CBD may not legally be added to food and beverages, or marketed as a dietary supplement.Although the organization has begun to re-evaluate some of these stances on legal CBD products, the FDA has not revised its regulations. The agency also has been strict in its position against any labeling that could be perceived as a medical claim about CBD.
In addition to federal regulation of CBD, the Farm Bill also gave states the option to regulate and prohibit the cultivation and commerce of CBD. States may also regulate CBD in food, beverages, dietary supplements, and cosmetic products independently of the FDA’s final ruling.. Minnesota is currently developing its own legal guidelines regarding the production and sale of CBD, but presently maintains a stance informed by FDA directives.
Minnesota CBD laws
The cultivation of hemp has been legal for research purposes in Minnesota since 2015. The Minnesota Industrial Hemp Development Act (IHDA), informed by the 2014 Farm Bill, permitted the Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) to develop a Hemp Pilot Program. The MDA Hemp Pilot Program is in effect in Minnesota until the USDA approved the Minnesota state hemp plan.
The legal definition of industrial hemp was updated by the Minnesota Legislature in 2019. Hemp is considered any part of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, growing or not, including the plant’s seeds, derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, with a THC concentration of more than .3% on a dry weight basis.
CBD legislation in Minnesota falls under the jurisdiction of the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy. At present,CBD derived from hemp is illegal in Minnesota when placed into a product intended for consumption. CBD is also illegal when sold as a product intended to prevent, cure, or treat a disease, or alter the structure or function of human or animal bodies. These prohibitions are in line with the FDA directives that CBD cannot be sold in food, drink, or make therapeutic claims.
CBD products in Minnesota that meet state labeling and testing requirements are permitted under state law and can be sold in pharmacies.There are no Minnesotan laws that prohibit the sale of topical CBD products, such as lotions, balms, or salves, although it follows that such products must meet state and FDA labeling and testing requirements.
There are no Minnesotan laws that prohibit the sale of topical CBD products, such as lotions, balms, or salves. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Those who wish to acquire CBD derived from cannabis must first qualify with a physician’s recommendation, then register as a medical cannabis patient under the Minnesota Medical Cannabis Program.
Licensing requirements for CBD
Individuals and businesses hoping to grow and process hemp in Minnesota must acquire licenses under the Minnesota Department of Agriculture Hemp Program. The MDA Pilot Program will be in effect until the USDA has approved the new state plan.
First-time applicants must submit an application,pay the appropriate program fees, and pass a federal and state criminal background check. Those with controlled substance-related convictions in the last ten years are disqualified. Returning applicants must also submit an application and pay the program fees. Each license granted expires on the 31st December of the year of issue.
MDA inspectors inspect fields within 30 days of harvest for testing. Crops with more than .3% THC content will be destroyed.
Minnesota CBD possession limits
There are no limits on how much hemp-derived CBD a person can possess in Minnesota.
There are limits for cannabis-derived CBD products for medical marijuana patients. Eligible patients can possess up to thirty days of supply.
Non-eligible individuals found in possession of less than 42.5 grams of cannabis-derived CBD may face charges and fines up to $200, and may be required to enter a drug education program.
Where to buy CBD in Minnesota
CBD products are widely available throughout Minnesota, although some of these products may be considered illegal under present state legislation. Retailers include head shops, convenience stores, health food stores, pet stores, restaurants, cafes, coffee shops, and a rapidly-growing number of CBD-specific retailers.
CBD products are widely available throughout Minnesota, although some of these products may be considered illegal under present state legislation. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
CBD derived from marijuana is only available from one of eight approved cannabis patient centers.
Shopping online for CBD represents another option for purchase. Consumers can buy from a wide variety of online outlets for CBD products, read consumer reviews, and ship purchases to their homes.
Online shopping also offers the ability to gather detailed information about each product, compare different products and product types, and comparison shop for the best price. CBD brands often also have their own e-commerce shop, allowing you to purchase your desired CBD products straight from the source. Find more reputable CBD companies on Weedmaps.
How to read CBD labels and packaging
The 2018 Farm Bill shifted the oversight of hemp and hemp-derived products from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA currently does not presently allow CBD-infused food, drinks, or dietary supplements to be sold, and hasn’t yet provided regulations for hemp-derived CBD products.
Still, the agency warns that regulations in flux still require companies to make legitimate claims on their labels. Buyers should nonetheless approach CBD products with caution. Most reputable CBD producers typically include the following information on their CBD product labels:
- Amount of active CBD per serving.
- Supplement Fact panel, including other ingredients.
- Net weight.
- Manufacturer or distributor name.
- Suggested use.
- Full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate.
- Batch or date code.
One of the most important things to pay attention to is whether a CBD product is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate.
Full spectrum means that the CBD has been extracted from a hemp plant along with all other cannabinoids and terpenes, including whatever trace amounts of THC the plant may have produced. Consuming full-spectrum CBD may yield better results thanks to the entourage effect, a phenomenon in which the mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes work together to produce a more pleasant experience.
Broad spectrum means that the product contains CBD and terpenes, but has undergone additional processes to strip out any THC.
Is CBD oil legal in Minnesota? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD? Why is CBD sometimes illegal? Minnesota CBD laws Where
CBD in Minnesota
CBD oil is gaining traction across the United States, including in Minnesota. You can’t turn on the news or visit a website without hearing or reading about it. Consumers are trying to understand what CBD will do for them while the FDA severely limits the scientific research that can be pursued due to the legal grey cloud surrounding the substance.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a substance from the cannabis plant that contains very little to no THC in it. Limited clinical research makes experts wary of health claims surrounding CBD oil.
CBD Legislation in Minnesota
Currently under Minnesota law, hemp products – including CBD oil – is allowed to be sold so long as its THC concentration is below 0.3%. In 2015, Minnesota passed a statute related to industrial hemp that made this law. With the introduction of the 2018 U.S. Farm Bill into federal law, the same legislation came into effect for industrial hemp across the nation, including being able to ship and receive hemp products across state lines.
How to Choose the Best CBD Oil
If you’re shopping for CBD oil in Minnesota, it’s important to find a company that can trace where its hemp comes from and what it contains. Reputable CBD companies will provide lab-verified results showing what is in their CBD oil. If they don’t provide these test results, stay away from them. Shop somewhere else.
CDD oil is a product where you truly get what you pay for. Cheap CBD oil may contain additives and may not come with lab-verified results of what’s in it. Don’t shop for CBD oil based on price alone if you want to see what impact it has on your body. If you want the most effective CBD oil, consider the following before buying:
- Organic: Just like fruits, vegetables, and meat, organic CBD oil is better for you. It’s also better for the environment. Organic CBD oil in Minnesota from NuLeaf Naturals gives you peace of mind with lab-verified results for each product you buy. You don’t have to worry about heavy metals, mold, or other contaminants in our CBD products.
- Full Spectrum: Isolates and CBD synthetics aren’t as impactful as full spectrum CBD oil. With synthetics and isolates, you’re missing out on terpenes, essential oils, or phytochemicals that help enhance its benefits on the human body. Consider a full spectrum CBD oil to get the most out of your purchase.
- Purity: NuLeaf Naturals carries pure CBD oil. This means that our oils don’t contain carriers, scents, flavors, or other additives that cut down on the actual amount of CBD in the oil itself. Purity is an important aspect of CBD oil, which could impact how it affects you during use. If you’re not sure the CBD oil you’re buying is pure, avoid it at all costs.
Where to Buy CBD Oil in Minnesota
If you want to buy CBD oil in Minnesota, NuLeaf Naturals offers several options to get you the high-quality CBD you deserve. Check out the local retailers we’re partnered with to sell our product in their stores. If you’d rather the convenience of buying online, our website offers our full CBD oil product selection. We have customer service experts at the ready to answer your questions about CBD oil, our products, and what will work for your needs. Call us at 720-372-4842. Let us help you get started with NuLeaf Naturals CBD oil today.
CBD oil is federally legally so long as it contains less than 0.3% THC, as mandated by the 2018 Farm Bill. It may not be legal at a state, county, or local level. Check your local laws and regulations before buying CBD oil.
This guide may not be up to date on the current legislation at the state or local level. We recommend you do your research to understand the legalities surrounding CBD oil where you live.
Interested in buying CBD in Minnesota and seeing what it can do for you? Click here to read about the legal status, how CBD can help you, and more.